Table of Ayurvedic Plants and Minerals with Sanskrit (and Synonyms), Common, and Botanical Names

Note: # indicates plant with multiple botanical identities

 
Sanskrit Common Botanical
abhraka bhasma syn.= mica: abhraka, svaccha, akasha, patola, varapitaka ash, mica Silicum
acuka Indian mulberry Morinda citrifolia Linn./ tinctoria / bracteata Rubiaceae
addhahpushpi syn.= addahpushpi, avakpushpi none Trichodesma indicum R. Br. Boraginaceae
adhaki syn.= adhaki, shanapushpika, varya, karavirabhuja, pitapushpa, vrittabija, kalavrinta, kulattha, vakraka, tamra-varana, tuberika, tuvari, supya pigeon pea Cajanus cajan Mills / indicus Fabaceae / Papilionaceae
adityabhakta syn.= adityabhakta, suryamukhi, arkakantha sunflower Helianthus annuus Linn. Asteraceae
agastya syn.= agasti, shighrapushpa, agastya, munidrum, vranari, dirghaphalak, vakrapushpa, surapriya, vangasen, madhuryati swamp pea / sesban Sesbania grandiflora (Linn.) Pior. Papilionaceae
agnimantha # syn.= shriparna, ganikarika, asvarika, vataghni, matha, ketu, nadeyi, aranika, jaya none Premna integrifolia Linn. / obtusifolia Verbenaceae
aguru # syn.= agni, loha, krimij, rajarha, bhringraj, agnikashtha, vanshik, vanadrum, puram, dhupagam, mallikaagadh, jongaka aloe wood / eagle wood Aquilaria agallocha Roxb. Thymelacaceae
ahiphena syn.= aphuk, ahifen, aphan, niphen, nagaphen, rasodbhutam, khaskhasrasa opium / white poppy Papaver somniferum Linn. Papaveraceae
ajagandha # syn.= ajagandha, kharpushpa, ugragandha, brahmakarma, pashugandha, kabari, suvarcala, shabarigandha, tungi dog mustard Cleome gynandra / viscosa Linn. / Gynandropsis gynandra Capparidaceae
ajamoda # syn.= ajamoda, ajmoda, kharashva, karvi, markati, shikhimoda, moodadhya, ugragandhika, phalmukhya, yavani, dipyaka, karavi wild celery / ajowan` Carum / Trachyspermum roxburghianum Craib / ex. Kurz / Apium graveolens Linn. Apium leptophyllum Pers. Umbelliferae
ajapada syn.= ulpalabheda, induparni thick-leaved lavender Anisochilus carnosus Wall. Labiatae
ajashringi syn.= karkatashringi, shringi, kulirshringi, ghosha, candra, kalinga, vakra, vanajamardhaja, kulira, karkata, karkataki, arthacampika, karkatashringi none Rhus succedanea Linn. Anacardiaceae
ajeka syn.= vantulasi shrubby basil Ocimum gratissimum Linn./ frutescens Labiatae
akarakarabha syn. = akallaka, akarakarabha, akarakarava pellitory Anacylus pyrethrum DC. Compositae / Asteraceae
akhukarni akhukarni none Merremia emarginata (Burm.f.) Hall.f. / gangetica Cuf. Convolvulaceae
akhuparni syn.= akhuparni, akhukarni, shubhashreni, krushika, dravanti, undirkarnika, citra, sukarni, nyagrudhi, bhumiradashrava, mushikaparnika, vrishakarni, akhu vinna, musakaparni, bastantri, vriddhdaru, mishika kani none Ipomoea reniformis Chois. Convolvulaceae
akshoda syn.= akshota, akshoda, akshotak, parvatiya, kandaral, brihatcada, svadumajja, vrittaphala, madanahya, sailabhava, rekhaphala, karparala walnut / Persian Walnut / European walnut Juglans regia Linn. Juglandaceae
akshota syn.= akshota, akshodaha, vrittaphala, kanda, labha, prithucchada, askhota Indian walnut / filbert / candle-nut Aleurites moluccana Willd. Euphorbiaceae
alabu syn.= alabu, tumbi white pumpkin Cucurbita lagrenaria Linn. Cucurbitaceae
alambusha # alambusha sensitive water plant Neptunia oleracea Lour. Mimosaceae
alarka # none Solanum trilobatum Linn. Solanaceae
alarka # syn.= red: tulaphala, kshirparna, shvetarka, madnar, vasuka, raktarka, arkanama, arkaparna; white: shuklarka, tapan, supushpa, vrittamallika, rajarka, vasuka, gunarupa, vikshir, alarka mudar bowstring hemp / gigantic swallow wort Calotropis / Asclepia gigantea R. Br. Asclepiadaceae
alka baking soda N/A
alukam alukam greater yam, Asiatic yam Dioscorea alata Linn. Dioscoriaceae
alupam syn.= alupam, alukam taro, cocoyam Colocasia esculenta (Linn.) Schott. Araceae
amalaki syn.= amalaki, shriphala, dhatrika, dhatri, amrita, shita, gayatrei, vrushya, rocani, tishyaphala, pancarasa, kayastha, amala Indian gooseberry Emblica officinalis Gaertn./ Phyllanthus emblica Linn. Euphorbiaceae
amarvalli # syn.= amarvalli, amaravela, khavalli, akashvalli, dusparsha, vyomvallika, svarnalata, nirmuli, akashvel dodder Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. Convolvulaceae
ambuja none Limnophila gratioloides Br. Lerophulariaceae
amlavalli syn.= amlavalli, triparnika Goanese ipecacuanha Naregamla alata W&A. Meliaceae
amlavetasa # none Solena amplexicaulis (Lam. ) Gandhi / heterophylla Lour. Cucurbitaceae
amlavetasa # syn.= amlavetas, vedhu, rasamla, viravetas, vetasamla, amlasar, bhedan, raktasar, shankhadravi, mansadravi, pitamula Indian rhubarb Garcinia pedunculata Roxb. / Rheum emodi Wall. Guttiferae
amlika syn.= cinca, cukrika, cukra, amlica, shkcukrika, amli, sutattidi, amla, tittidika, sukta, suktika tamarind Tamarindus indica Linn. Leguminosae
amra syn.= 63 names in sanskrit: amra, kamashar, madhavdruma, bhringubhishta, sidhurasa, vasantduta, atisaurabha, madirasav, kokilabandhuk, shukapriya, kharanasa mango / spring tree / cupid's favorite Mangifera indica Linn. Anacardiaceae
amragandha amragandha none Limnophila aromatica (Linn.) Merr. / gratissima Blume Scrophulariaceae
amragandhi haridra syn.= amragandhi haridra, karpura haridra, amaharidra, amragandha, kapurharidra, sugandha mango-ginger, turpentine mango, white turmeric Curcuma amada Roxb. Scitaminaceae
amrata syn.= amrata, amrataka, amravata, phali, moda, phala, kapi Indian hog plum / wild mango Spondias pinnata / mangifera Willd. Anacardiaceae
amritaphala # syn.= amritphala, nasapati, tanka pear Pyrus communis Linn. Rosaceae
anannas syn.= bahnetra pineapple Ananas cosmus Merr./ sativus Linn. Bromeliaceae
ankola syn.= ankot, ankolaka, gomedaka, mani, nikocaka sage leaves ` Alangium salviifolium Wang. / lamarki Thw. Cornaceae
apamarga # syn.= apamarga, durgraha, adhashalya, karmanjri, pratyakpushpi, kinihi, markat pippali, kshavaka, karkatpippali, kshudhapamarga, mayuraka, mayura, kharamanjar, shikari prickly chaff flower Achyranthes aspera Linn. Amaranthaceae
aparajita # syn.= aparajita, gokarnika asphota, katabhi, dadhipusphika, vishantri, mohanashini, vishnukranta, vajikhura, ashva, girikarnika, kinihi, mahashveta butterfly pea/clitoria Clitoria ternatea Linn. Papilionaceae / Fabaceae
apoedika syn.= potaki Indian spinach / Malabar nightshade Basella alba Linn. Chenopodiaceae
aragvadha # syn.= aragvadha, arogyashimbi, svarnat, karna, dirghaful, rajvriksha, shampak, caturangul, arevat, krutaned, suvarnak, kundurghna, karnikara, kritamala India laburnum / purging cassia Cassia fistula Linn. Caesalpiniaceae / Leguminosae
aranyajiraka syn.= brihatpali, sukshmapatra, aranyajir, kana, vanajirak, karajiri purple fleabane Centratherum / Vernonia anthelminticum Kuntze Compositae
ardraka syn.= vishva, nagar, vishvabheshaj, vishvoushadha, katugranthi, katubhadra, katushan, sauparna, mahaushadha, shringvera ginger ` Zingiberis / Zinziber officinalis Rosc. / Linn. Zingiberaceae
arimeda syn.= arimedah, irimeda, arimedaka, vitkhasira, kalaskandha, sarpameda-godha, ripu-rima, ahimeda, putimeda, ahimedaka, vitkhadira, vidkhadir cassia flower / sponge tree Acacia leucophloea /farnesiana Willd. Fabaceae / Mimosaceae
arishtaka syn.= arishtaka, rithkaranj, gucchapushpak, mangalya, kumbhabijak, prakirya, phenila, garbhapati, raktabija, rakshabija, phenila Indian filbert / soapnut tree Sapindus trifoliatus Linn./ laurifolia Vahl Sapindaceae
arjuna # syn.= arjuna, dhawal, kakubha, indradu, viravriksha, nadisarja, gaura, kashaya, shakataksha, dhurandar, partha, dhananjay, shvetavaha arjuna myrobalan Terminalia arjuna Wight. & Am. Combretaceae
arka # syn.= red = toolaphala, ksheerparna, shwetarka, mandar, vasuka, alarka, raktarka, arkanama, arkaparna white = shuklarka, tapan, supushpa, vrittamallika, rajarka, vasuka, alarka, gunaroopa, viksheer madder tree Calotropis procera Ait. Asclepiadaceae
arkaparni syn.= arkaparni, svasaghni, anthrapachaka, latakshiri country ipecacuanha / emetic swallow-wory Tylophora asthmatica W&A./ indica Merrill Asclepiadaceae
arkapushpi syn.= arkapushpi, krurakanda, jalakama, abhirandika none Holostemma annularis / Asclepias Asclepiadaceae
arkaraga syn.= arkaraga, agnijara, abdhinarikela sea coconut palm / double coconut palm Lodoicea sechellarum Comm. & Labill./ maldivica Pers. Arecaceae
artagala syn.= artagala, argata, arttagala, bahu kanta, pradharshana holy leafed acanthus Acanthus ilicifolius Linn. Acanthaceae
aruka aruka plum Prunus domestica Linn. Rosaceae
aruka syn.= aruka peach Prunus persica Stokes Rosaceae
asana # syn.= bijaka, pitasala, asana Indian Kino Malabar Kino Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb. Papilionaceae
ashoka # syn.= ashoka, hemapushpa, kankeli, shokanash, karnapurak, subhag, smaracivas, doshahari, rama, pallavadru, raktak, ragi ashoka tree Saraca indica Linn / asoka Wilde Caesalpiniaceae
ashvagandha # syn.= ashvagandha, balada, gandhanta, vajinama, vajini, pushtida, punya, vataghni, balya, hayahya, vrusha, hayagandha winter cherry Withania somnifera Dunal Solanaceae
ashvakarna ashvakarna flowering murdah Terminalia paniculata Roth Combretaceae
ashvakarna syn.= ashvakarna, jarandrum, dirghparna, kaushik, tarkshya, dirghavriksha, gurjun wood oil tree Dipterocarpus alatus Roxb. Dipterocarpaceae
ashvakatri ashvakatri none Dryhnaria quercifolia J. Smith / Polypodium quercifolium Linn. Polypodiaceae
ashvakshura # alfalfa Medicago sativa Leguminosae
ashvamantaka # syn.= ashvamantaka, phalgu none Bauhinia tomentosa Linn. Caesalpiniaceae
ashvattha # syn.= ashvattha, pippala, shrivriksha, sevya, asvatha, caldal, bodhidru, pavitraka, yadnik, mahadrum, devatma, krishnavas sacred fig / peepal tree Ficus religiosa Linn. Urticaceae
asishimbi syn.= asishimbi, mahashimbi sword bean / broad bean / Patagonian bean Canavalia gladiata DC./ Censiformis sensu Baker Fabaceae
asphota syn.= asphota, vanamallika, priya, supurja, malati, vanamalti wild jasmine Jasminum angustifolium (Linn.) Willd. Oleaceae
asthisamharaka # syn.= asthisanhari, asthisanharaka, asthishrinkhala, vajravati, vajrang, kroshtughantika, granthiman, vajravallari, vajri, asthisandhanini bone setter Cissus / Vitis quandrangularis Linn. / Wall. Vitaceae
astmabadya # syn.= astmabayda, chaya none Aerva lanata Juss. Amarantaceae
atasi syn.= atasi, uma, picchila, devi, medagandha, madotkata, kshuma, hemavati, rudranila, masruna, suvalkala flax plant / linseed Linum usitatissimum Linn. Linaceae
atibala syn.= atibala, balya, brimhaniya, madhuraskandha, vatasamshrmana, madhura gana, rishyaprokta, kankatika country mallow Abutilon indicum Malvaceae
ativisha syn.= ativisha, shrungi, virupa, pittadivallabha, shwetvaca, visha, madri Indian atees? Aconitum heterophyllum Wall. Ranunculaceae
auddalaka syn.= auddalaka, shvanamara dog-bane / odallum tree Cerbera odollam Gaertn. Apocynaceae
avartaki syn.= avartaki, bhavya chalta Dillenia indica Linn. Dillenisceae
avartaki syn.= avartaki, vibhandi, manodnya, mahada, carmaranga, vamavarta, mahajalini, pitapushpa, taravar, aval mature tea tree /tanner's cassia Cassia auriculata Linn. Caesalpiniaceae
avartani syn.= avartaphala, rangalata, vamavarta, tindukini, vibhandi avarttani, mrigashringi East Indian screw tree Helicteres streptocarpus / isora Linn. Sterculiaceae
ayapanam ayapanam, ayapana tea Eupatorium triplinerve Vahl./ ayapan Compositae
babbula syn.= babbula, babul, yugalaksha, kantalu, tikshakantak, goshrunga, dirghakanta, ajabhaksha, sukshmapatra, kashay black babul / babul tree Acacia nilotica Linn. / indica / arabica Willd. Leguminosae
babuna 1 chamomile Matricaria chamomilla Linn. Asteraceae / Compositae
babuna 2 chamomile, German Matricaria recutita Asteraceae / Compositae
badara syn.= karkandhu, badari, kol, phenil, kuvala, sauvir, ajapriya, koli, visham, abhaykantak, rajabadara Indian plum / jujube / bherefruit tree Zizyphus sativus Rhamnaceae
bakuci syn.= bakuci, bakuci, somarekha, shashanklekha, somaragi, candralekha, somavalli, yendavi, tvakdoshaghni, avalguja, somaraji, malayu purple fleabane / babchi seeds Psoralea corylifolia Linn. Papilionaceae
bakula syn.= sinhakesara bullet-wood tree Mimusops elengi Linn. Sapotaceae
bala # syn.= odanika, bhadra, samanga, baladhya, vatika, sanasa, mahasamanga, kharayashtika, shitapaki, viryabala Indian country mallow Sida cordifolia Linn. Malvaceae
balaka syn.= balaka, vari, hribera, pinga, acamana, kaca, udicya, vajramantha, valaka, hribera, ambu, jala none Coleus vettiveroides / Plectranthus vettiveroides (Jacob) Singh & Sharma Lamiaceae
balaka-hrivera syn.= balaka-hrivera, balaka, hrivera, bala, pingala, jala-vari-ambu-toya, barhistha, udicya, tiktanga, keshy-keshambu-kuntali none Pavonia odorata Willd. Malvaceae
balamota syn.= balamota, jaya, sukshmapatra, aparajita none Sesbania sesban Papilionaceae
banaphsha none Loranthus falcatus Linn. Loranthaceae
bandaka noon plant Pentapetes phoenicea Linn. Sterculiaceae
bandhuka syn.= bandhuka, arkavallabha, baandhujivaka hawthorn (berry) Crataegus oxycantha Linn. Rosaceae
ban-sangli wild violet Viola odorata Linn. Violaceae
barahi syn.= keyura, svalpa, vitapa, kenduka, svadu kandala yam Dioscorea bulbifera Linn. Dioscoriaceae
bendarli (Tam.) clubmoss spores Lycopodium clavatum Linn. Lycopodiaceae
bhadramusta syn.= bhadramusta, nagaramustaka chufa, tiger nut, rush nut Cyperus esculentus Linn. Cyperaceae
bhallataka syn.= bhallataka, agnimukha, agnimukhi, arushkara, anala, krimighna, bhallata, aruka Marking nut / oriental cashew Semecarpus anacardium Linn. f. Anacardiaceae
bhandira syn. = bhandira, sthauneyaka, barhinaparni none Clerodendrum infortunatum Linn./ viscosum Vent. Gaertn. Verbenaceae
bhanga syn.= bhanga, matulani, madani, shivapriya, vijaya, jaya, ganja, virpatra, capala, ananda, harshani, mohini Indian hemp Cannabis indica Linn. / sativa Urticaceae
bharngi # syn.= bharngi, bhargi, brahmayashtika, kharashaka, padma, gardhabashaka, barbaraka, shukramala, kasaghni, bhargakagrani, mahagardhbagandhika, bhangura, bhanji, kharahva none Clerondendrum serratum Spreng. Verbenaceae
bhenda syn.= bhenda, karnaphala, bhinda, astrapatraka, bhindatika, darvika, catupunda, vrittabija, gandhamula, karnaparna, picchila, catushpada, sushaka, kshatrasambhava okra Hibiscus esculentus Linn. / Abelmoschus esculentus Moench Malvaceae
bhringaraja # syn.= bhringaraj, bhrngaraja, markava, kesharanjana, kesharaja, ravipriya, abhedakaraja, keshali, ravivallabha false daisy Eclipta alba Hassk. / prostrata Linn. Compositae
bhucanaka syn.= bhucanaka, mandapi peanut / ground nut / monkey nut Arachis hypogaea Linn. Fabaceae
bhulavanga syn.= bhulavnaga, bhallavianga primrose willow Ludwigia octovalvis (Jacq.) Raven / Jussieua suffruticosa Linn. Onagraceae
bhumicampaka syn.= bhumicampaka, bhucampaka, hallaka Indian crocus Kaempferia rotunda Linn.& K.longa. Scitaminaceae
bhumyamalaki syn.= bhumyamalaki, vrishya, bhudhatri, vvishvaparni, bindupatri, bahuvirya, tamalaki, uttama, bahuputra, shiva feather foil plant Phyllanthus niruri Linn. / fraternus / amarus Webster Euphorbiaceae
bhunimba # syn.= kalamegh, kirta king of bitters / chiretta Andrographis paniculata Nees Acanthaceae
bhurjapatra syn.= bhurja, valkadruma, sucarma, bhurjapatrak, citratvak, bindupatra, rakshapatra, vicitrak, bhutaghna, mridupatra birch /jacquemon tree Betula utilis D. Don Cupuliferae
bhushirishah bhushirsha black siris Albizzia odoratissima (Linn. f.) Benth. Mimosaceae
bhustrina bhustrina West Indian lemon grass / true lemon grass Andropogon citratus DC. / Cymbopogon citratus Stapf. Gramineae
bibhitaka syn.= bibhitaki, karshaphala, aksha, kalidrum, telpushpak, bhutavas, kalivriksha, romaharsha, kalind beleric myrobalan Terminalia belerica Roxb. Combretaceae
bichu (hindi) common stinging nettle Urtica dioica Linn. Urticaceae
bijapuraka # syn.= bijapuraka, bijapur, mahalunga, matulunga, rucak, bijahva, palapurak, lunga, amlakesar citron tree Citrus medica Linn. Rutaceae
bilva syn.= shalatu, shalya, hridyagandha, shivadruma, karkata, trishikha, shaivapatra, duraroha bael Aegle marmelos Corr. ex. Roxb. Rutaceae
bilva syn.= shalatu, shalya, hridyagandha, shivadruma, karkata, trishikha, shaivapatra, duraroha bael fruit Aegle marmelos Corr. ex. Roxb. Rutaceae
bimbi syn.= bimbi, bimba, raktaphala, tundi, tindikeri, bimbika, oshtopamaphala, piluparni none Coccinia indica Wight & Arun / grandis / cordifolia Cucurbitaceae
bimbi syn.= bimbi, rakta phala, gola, rundi, dontacchadopama none (type of gourd?) Coccinia cordifolia Cucurbitaceae
biyana kaim Mitragyna parvifolia (Roxb.) Korth. / Stephegyne parvifolia Roxb. Rubiaceae
bola syn.= jatirasa myrrh Commiphora myrrha (Nees) Engl. Burseraceae
brahma suvarcala brahmasuvarcala common mallow Malva sylvestris Linn. Malvaceae
brahmi # syn.= brahmi, sarasvati, jahaushadhi, svayambhuvi, madukamala, matsyakshi, medhya, satyavati, smarani, aindri, kapotavamka thyme-leaved gratiola Bacopa / Herpestis monnieri Pennell Scrophulariaceae
brihat jambira brihat jambira bitter orange / sour orange / Seville orange Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle Rutaceae
brihat loni syn.= brihat loni, ghotika common Indian Parselane Portulaca oleraceae Linn. Portulacaceae
brihati syn.= brihati, mahati, bahupatri, bahupatra, kantatani, forali, dushpradharsha, mahavartakini, mahoshri, sinhi Indian nightshade / poison berry Solanum indicum Linn./ anguivi Lam. Solanaceae
brikshamla red mango Garcinia indica Choisy / purpurea Guttiferae
cakramarda syn.= cakramarda, edagaja, prapunnada, dadrughna, vimarda, shakunashana, cakri, cakragaja, dridabija, meshavha, vyavartaka, punnata, khurjughna, gajakya, mesha, edkaja fetid cassia ringworm plant Cassia tora Linn. / toroides / fetida/obtusifol Caesalpiniaceae
cakshu├ya syn.= cakshushya, ckara, kulali, vanyakulattha, aranyakulatthika, locanhita, kulatthika, cakrak none Cassia absus Linn. Leguminosae
campeya campeya rose-apple Syzygium jambos (Linn.) Alston / Eugenia jambos Linn. Myrtaceae
canaka syn.= canaka, harimantha, vajimantha, jivana chicken pea / Bengal gram Cicer arietinum Linn. Papilionaceae
cancu syn.= cincha, canchu, cancuki, dirghapatra, satiktata none Corchorus acutangulus / aestuans Tiliaceae
canda syn.= canda, phalachoura, taskara, kitava, krodhana, pishuna, gouri, shankhinika, shathi, douhkuleya-dushkula none Angelica archengelica Linn. Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)
candana shveta syn.= candana, shrikanda, gandhasara, candradyuti, shvetacandana, shitala, sarvapriya, rajayogya, himam white sandalwood Santalum album Linn. Santalaceae
candrashura syn.= candrashura, ahaliva, candrika, carmahantri, pashumehanakarika, nandini karavi, bhadra, vasapushpa, suvasara garden cress / water cress Lepidium sativum Linn. Cruciferae
cangeri syn.= cangeri, cangeri, amlaparnika, triparni Indian sorrel Oxalis corniculata Linn. Geraniaceae
carmakasha syn.= carmakasha, carmavriksha none Ehretia laevis Roxb. Boraginaceae
caturangi syn.= caturangi, vanacchedi wild sage, lantana weed Lantana camara Linn. / aculeata Verbenaceae
cauhar syn.= caurapurva, parskiyavani, jantunashan, corahva worm seed Artemisia maritima Linn. / brevifolia Compositae
cauraka syn.= kitava, candra, dushpatra, shankita, ripu none Trigonella corriculata Papilionaceae
cavya # syn.= cavica, cavika, ushanah, gajapipali mula wild pepper Piper chaba Hunter / brachystachyum Wall. ? Piperaceae
chagakarna syn.= chagakarna, asana black murdah Terminalia crenulata Roth Combretaceae
champaka syn.= kusuma, suvarna golden or yellow champa Michelia champaca Linn. Magnoliaceae
chatraka syn.= sansvedajashak, bhumicchatra, shilindhrak mushroom, touchwood Psolliota campestris (Linn.) Fr. Agaricaceae
chatrii syn.= chatri, kukkurajihva none Leea indica (Burm.f.) Merr. / sambucina Linn. Leeaceae
chayaparpatika chayaparpatika none Hedyotis / Oldenlandia herbacea Linn. Rubiaceae
chikkika syn.= chhikkika, chikkana, chhikika, tikshna, ghrandukhahda, chhikkani, kashvakrit, nakachhikkani, mecheta, kshavaka sneeze wart Centipeda minima / orbicularis Lour. Compositae
cicinda syn.= cicinda, shvetaraji, sudirgha, grihulaka snake gourd Trichosanthes anguina / cucumerina Linn. Cucurbitaceae
cilhaka # none Casearia tomentosa Roxb. Samydaceae
cirbhita syn.= cirbhita, cirbhata, kshetracirbhita, karkachirbhita, cirbhitaka, karkatika, panduphala, gorakshacirbhita, karkaru sweet melon / musk melon Cucumis melo var. memordica Duthis & Fuller Cucurbitaceae
ciribilva syn.= chiribilva, prakirya, chirbilva, putikaranj, putik, kalimarak, puti, kananjik, chilbill Indian elm / kanju Holoptelea integrifolia Planch. Urticaceae
cirpota syn.= cirpota, parpoti bandoleer fruit Zanonia indica Linn. Cucurbitaceae
citraka # syn.= dahana, raktacitraka, rata-shikja, ushana, agni, agnika, anala, aruna, dvipi, hutash, hutashan, hutabhuk, jyotishka, katu, krishna, pathi, pati, pathin, pavaka, shikhi, vahni, vahninama, vallari, vyal rosy-flowered leadwort / fire plant Plumbago indica Linn./ rosea Linn. Plumbaginaceae
citraka # syn.= citrak, agni, shardul, citrapali, krishnanudahan, vyal, jyoti, palak, anal, darun, vahni, dvipi white leadwort Plumbago zeylanica Linn. Plumbaginaceae
copcini syn.= copchini, dvipantarvaca, topcini china root Smilax china Linn./ glabra Liliaceae
coraka # syn.= shankit, dushpatra, kshemak, ripu, ganahas, kopanaka, phalcorak, nishacar, dhanhara, granthi parni, canda, angelica (root) Angelica glaucam Edgew. Umbelliferae
cukra syn.= ckurika, patramla, shatavedhini-sahasravedhi, rocani, cukrika country sorrel / bladder dock Rumex vesicarius Linn. Polygonaceae
cutch (hindi) Java almond tree Canarium commune Linn. Burseraceae
dadima syn.= dadima, dadim, lohitapushpaka, suphala, rocan, shukavalabha, sunil, raktakusum, shukapriya, dashanabij, raktapushpa, pindapushpa, dalima pomegranate Punica granatam Linn. Punicaceae
damanaka syn.= tapodhana, gandhotkata, brahmajata, pushpacamara none Artemisia sieversiana Willd. Asteraceae / Compositae
danti # syn.= danti, laghudanti, shighra, dantini, ruksha, rocani, erandphala, vishodhini, ghunapriya, akhuparni, brihatdanti, bhishagbhadra, dravanti, visha, nikumbha none Baliospermum montanum Muell. Arg. / axillare Euphorbiaceae
daruharidra # barberry Berberis vulgaris Berberidaceae
daruharidra # syn.= daruhardra, , darvi, katankateri, pitika, sthiraraga, kamini, pitacandan, hemakanta, pitak, haridru, nisha, kaliyaka Indian barberry / tree turmeric Berberis aristata DC. / coriaria Berberidaceae
darukanda syn.= darukanda, kalpakanda tapioca / manioc . Cassava Manihot esculenta Crantz / utilissima Pohl Euphorbiaceae
deodara syn.= deodaru, bhadradaru, daru, suradaru, snigdhadaru, shambhava, bhutahari, bhavdaru, suravha, indradu, snehavriksha, devadaru, devahva none Cedrus deodara Loud. Coniferae
dhamargava syn.= dhamargava, mahakoshataki, mahajalini, dhamargav, koshaphala, hastighosha, mahaphala, ghoshak, hastiparni wash sponge / sponge gourd / vegetable sponge Luffa cylindrica Linn. Cucurbitaceae
dhanavalli dhanavalli none Naravelia zeylanica (Linn.) DC. Ranunculaceae
dhanvana syn.= raktakusum, dhanurvriksha, mahabal, rujapaha, picchilak, svaduphala, gotradrum, dharman, saravrikshak dhaman Grewia tiliaefolia Vahl. Tiliaceae
dhanvayasa syn.= dhanvayasa, duralabha, samudranta, rodini, gandhari, kacchura, kashaya, harivagraha, marudbhava, duramula, tamramulika, danvayavasaka, tamramuli dhanvayavasaka, yasaka, duralambha Khorasan thorn Fagonia cretica / arabica Linn. Zygophyllaceae
dhanya syn.= dhanya, vrihi, shali, shalibheda, dirghashuka, vrihibheda, cina, dardura, dusaka, hayanaka, jatumukha, kalama, kardama shali, kuruvinda rice (husked) / paddy (unhusked) Oryza sativa Linn. / plena Chowdhury Poaceae
dhanyaka1 syn.= dhanyaka, catra, vitunnaka, chatradhanya, sugandhi, sukshmapatra, haridgandha, hridya, veshna, kushtumburu cilantro leaf Coriandrum sativum Linn. Umbelliferae
dhanyaka2 syn.= dhanyaka, chatra, vitunnaka, chatradhanya, sugandhi, sukshmapatra, haridgandha, hridya, veshna, kustumburu, dhanaka, dhanika, dhanya coriander ` Coriandrum sativum Linn. Umbelliferae
dharu ( Hindi) French lavender Lavandula stoechas Linn. Labiatae
dhataki syn.= dhataki, vahnipushpi, tamrapushpi, dahani, parvati, kumuda, guchhapushpa, madani, pramadani, mandaniyahetu fire flame bush/downy grislea Woodfordia fruticosa / floribunda Lythraceae
dhattura syn.= dhattura, dhurta, unmatta, kamaka, kharjughna, khala, kantaphala, matta, madakar, matula, mathamohi, matula, shivapriya, dhatturaka, kanaka thorn apple Datura metal Linn./ stramonium / alba Nees Solanaceae
dhava syn.= dhav, dathataru, gaur, madhurtvak, shuklavriksha, pandutaru, dhaval, spirodatha, shakat, dhavaka axle wood Anogeissus latifolia Wall. Combretaceae
dhyamaka syn.= dhyamaka, rohisha rosha grass, rusa grass Cymbopogon martinii Wats. / Andropogon martinii Roxb. Poaceae
dindisha syn.= dindisha, romaphala, sunirmita, chaya-pula water melon Citrullus vulgaris Var. fistulosus Duthie & Fuller Cucurbitaceae
draksha syn.= draksha, caruphala, krishna, tapaspriya, rasala, amritphala, phalottama, madhurasa grapes Vitis vinifera Linn. Vitaceae
dravanti # syn.= dravanti, kanana-eranda, parvata-yeranda angular curved physic nut / purging nut Jatropha curcas Linn. Euphorbiaceae
dronapushpi syn.= dronapushpi, , drona, phalepushpa, chota-kalkusha, kutumbaka thumbe Leucas cephalotus Spreng. aspera Link Labiatae
dugadhika syn.= dugdhika, nagarjuni, svaduparni, vikshirini, kshirini Australian asthma weed, snake weed Euphorbia hirta Linn. / pilulifera Euphorbiaceae
dugdha pashana bhasma ash, silicate of magnesia N/A
dugdhika # syn.= rajakshava, dugdhanika, dugdhika, svadupushpika, kshirani, kshirika, shita, shitambu,, madhuparnika, raktabindachada, laghu dugdhi, hemakshiri none Euphorbia thymifolia Burm. Euphorbiaceae
dughdapheni syn.= dugdhika, rajakshava, dugdhanika, svadupushpika, kshirani, kshirika, shita, shitambu, madhuparnika dandelion / blow ball Taraxacum officinalis Weber Euphorbiaceae / Compositae
durva syn.= durva, granthi, sveta, bhargavi, ananta, golomi Bermuda grass Cynodon dactylon Pers. Gramineae
dusparsha syn.= dusparsha, duralabha Indian stinging nettle Tragia involucrata / cannabina Linn. Euphorbiaceae
ekangi ekangi honey bush / cosmetic box / china box Murraya exotica Linn. / chesia paniculata Rutaceae
ela # syn.= ela, sukshmaila, candrabhaga, nishkuti, gandhaphalika, dravidodbhava, korangi, triputi cardamom (small) ` Elettaria cardamomum Maton Scitaminaceae
elabari # syn.= bahula, bahugandha, brihadela, bhadraila, prithvika, ela sthula - sthulaila, harenuka, kanya, greater cardamom ` Amomum subulatum Roxb. Scitaminaceae
elaphala elaphala none Litchi chinensis
eranda # syn.= eranda, white = erand, gandharvahasta, pancagjul, vatari, citra, red = vyaghra, hastikarna, nagakarna, karaparna, vyaghrakar castor Ricinus communis Linn. Euphorbiaceae
erandakarkati erandakarkati papaya Carica papaya Linn. Caricaceae
ervaru syn.= ervaru, bahukanda, brhatphala, hastipani, karkati snake cucumber Cucumis melo var. utilissimus Duthis & Fuller / utilissimus (Roxb.) Cucurbitaceae
gairika china clay Kaolinum
gajapippali syn.= gajapippali, cavya pippali, shreyasi, hastimagadha, gaja krishna none Scindapsus officinalis Schott. Araceae
gambhari # syn.= gambhari, mahabhava, shriparni, madhupamika, kashmari, pita-rohini, kashmiri, kashmarya, bhadraparni, madhurasa, gopabhadra candhar tree / coomb teak / cashmeri tree Gmelina arborea Linn. Verbenaceae
gandapura syn.= latakasturikam, zatakasturika muskmallow Hibiscus ablemoschus Linn. / moschatus Malvaceae
gandhaka syn.= sulfur: saugandhaka, lekhi, gandhashma, gandhapitaka, lelitaka, balivasa, vaigandha, gandhaka, bali ash, sulfur Sulfur
gandhaprasarini syn.= gandhaprasarini, gandhaprasarani, prasarani, sarani, bhadraparni, rajabala, pratanini, bhadra, bala, katambhara Chinese flower plant Paederia foetida Linn. Rubiaceae
gandira # gandira none Canthium parviflorum Lamk. Rubiaceae
gangeruka gangeruka fox-grape Cayratia carnosa Gagnep./ Vitis carnosa Linn. Vitaceae
gangeruki syn.= gangeruki, mahabala, nagabala, kharagandha, catuhphala, mahodaya, mahashakha, mahapatra, mahaphala, vishvadeva, arishta, krarva, rhasva, gavedhuka, devadanda none Grewia populifolia Tiliaceae
garalaphala syn.= kakamari, kakaphala levant berries, fish berries, crow killer Anamirta cocculus W & A. Menispermaceae
gardha bhanda syn.= parisa, suparashvaka portia tree / tulep tree Hibiscus populnea Linn. Malvaceae
gari kulaj ( ben) soybean Dolichos soja / Glycine soja Sieb. Papilionaceae
garjaram syn.= garjaram, shikha mulam, garjar, pindamul, pitak, svadumul, supit, naranga, pingalmul, pitakanda, grinjana carrot Daucas carota Linn. Umbelliferae
gavedhuka syn.= karshani, gohihva, akarshini, gavedhu, gavedhuka Job's tear Coix lacryma-jobi Linn. / L. lacryma Linn. Poaceae
genda syn.= zandu, salpushpa, zenduk, jhandu French marigold Tagetus erecta Linn. Compositae
gidar-tamaku (hindi) great mullein Verbascum thapsus Linn. Scrophulariaceae
giriparpat none Podophyllum hexandrum Berberidaceae
girishalmalika syn.= girishalmalika, shilakarpasika yellow-flowered cotton tree Cochlospermum religiosum (Linn.) Alston / gossypium DC. Cochlospermaceae
godhuma syn.= godhuma, yavanaka, madhulika, nistusa, sumana, badhudugdha, svapupa, mlecchabhojana, ksiri, rasala, mandi mukhi wheat / beardless wheat Triticum aestivum Linn. Gramineae
gojihva # syn.= gojihva, kharapatra, karvipatra, vrishajihva, gajaban, gavajbana none Onosma bracteatum Wall. Boraginaceae
gojihva # syn.= hastipadi, gojihva elephant's foot / prickly leaves Elephantopus scaber Linn. Compositae
gojihva # syn.= gojihva, gojika, gobhi, darvika, svaraparnini none Launaea aspleniifolia Hook. Compositae
gokshura # syn.= gokshura, gokantak, svadamshtra, trikantak, vanasharungat, canadrum, kshurak, palankasha, kantaphal, bhalshyatak, kantaki, kantaka puncture vine/ small caltrops Tribulus terrestris Linn. Zygophyllaceae
golakandha potato Solanum tuberosum Linn. Solanaceae
goraksha goraksha boabab / monkey bread tree Adansonia digitata Linn. Malvaceae
gostani syn.= gostani, vanyajati, kamuk, malati Bombay mace / false nutmeg Myristica malabarica Lam. Myristicaceae
guccha citronella Andropogon nardus Linn. Gramineae
gucchakaranja gucchakaranja neipa bark tree Samadera / Quassia indica Gaertn. Simaroubaceae
gudaygophala syn.= gudayogaphala red gourd Cucurbita maxima Duchesne. Cucurbitaceae
guduci syn.= guduci, madhuparnika, chinnodbhava, amrita, vishalya, cakralakshana, tandrika, jvaranashi, amrita, chinnaruha Heartleaf moonseed Tinospora cordifolia Miers Menispermaceae
guggulu syn.= guggul, deodhup, mahishaksha, palankash, kashi, kumbha, deveshta, rakshooouha, jatayu, kasara, guggulushaka, latvaka Indian bedellum/gum gugal Commiphora mukul Engl. / Balsamodendum m. Burseraceae
gulvel sattva heartleaf moonseed Tinospora cordifolia Miers Menispermaceae
gunja # syn.= gunja, chudamani, raktaphalika, kakanantika, kakadani, kakacinchi, krishnaraktika, ucchata Indian licorice / jequirity Abrus precatorius Linn. Tiliaceae
haimavati vaca syn.= haimavati vaca, parasikavaca oris root Iris vesicolor Thunb. / germanica Linn. Iridaceae
hamsaraja syn.= hamsaraja, vishvagandhi, tripadi, hansapadi, dhritmandalika, hansapadakarpatra, raktalajjalu, hamsapadi, raktapadi, tripadika, kitamari maiden-hair fern Adiantum philippense Linn. / lunulatum Polypodiaceae
hapusha syn.= hapusha, vapusha, vistra, para, ashvatthaphala, matsyagandha, plihahantri, vishghni, dhvankhanashini juniper (berries) Juniperus communis Linn. Cupressaceae/Coniferae
haridra syn.= haridra, haridre, rajani, gauri, harida, ratri, harita, jayanti, kancani, nisha, krimighna, yoshitriya, dvi nisha, dvaya, kshapa, bhadra, bhadrulata, dirdhraga, dirgharanga, haladi, kalameshi, mangalya, pavitra, pinga turmeric ` Curcuma longa Linn. / domestica Scitaminaceae
haridru syn.= haridruka, pitadaru, kadambak, dhulikadamb, pitkashtha, pitaksupushpa, suravha, pitakadrum, shriman none Adina / Haldina cordifolia Roxb. Rubiaceae
haritak▓ syn.= haritaki, pathya, haimamati, shiva, pathya, rohini, kayashta, shreyasi, cedanika, pacani, pathya, abhaya chebulic myrobalan Terminalia chebula Retz. Combretaceae
haritamanjari syn.= haritamanjari, arittamanjari India acalypha Acalypha indica Linn. Euphorbiaceae
harmal Syrian rue Peganum harmala Linn. Rutaceae
hatichu (hindi) globe artichoke Cynara scolymus Helianthus tuberous
hemamalati syn.= hemamalati, caturdharalata none Myxopyrum serratulum A.W.Hill Oleaceae
hijjala syn.= vidul, hijjul, nadikant, jalaj, dirghapatrak, raktamanjiri, toyaj, ambuj, nicula hijjal Barringtonia acutangula Gaertn. Myrtaceae
hingu syn.= sahastravedhi, jatuk, balhik, bhutnasan, sulanasan, sahasrvedhi, bahlika, ramatta, gathukam asafoetida ` Ferula foetida Regel / asafoetida Linn. Umbelliferae
hingunadika # syn.= nadihingu, hingushivatika, hingupatri, jantuka, ramathi, vanshapatri, pindahva, suvirya, hingunadika, bashpika, kavari Dikamali-gum gardenia / Cambi resin / Gardenia gummifera Linn. F. Rubiaceae
hintala hintala none Cycas circinalis Linn. Cycadaceae
hiranyatutha syn.= suranjan, white: surinjani shiri; yellow: surajanitalkh golden collyrium Colchicum luteum Baker Liliaceae
ijjala # syn.= hijjala, gucchaphala, kacchapolika, vishaya, samudrapad, samstravadi none Barringtonia racemosa Blume. Myrtaceae
ikshvaku syn.= ikshvaku, katu tumbi, alabu, tiktalabu, ikshyaku bitter gourd Lagenaria siceraria Standle. / vulgaris Cucurbitaceae
indhana worm-wood / mugwort Artemisia absinthium Linn. Compositae
indivara indivara none Monochoria vaginalis Presl. Pontederiaceae
indravaruni indravaruni, vishala bitter gourd Cucumis trigonus Roxb. Cucurbitaceae
indravaruni # syn.= indravaruni, aindri, citra, vishaghni, peetpushpi, indravalli, varuni, balakpriya, amruta, vishvalli, suravanini, sthanukarmi, dhanushreni, suryahava, manisambhava, candri, tulsi bitter apple Citrullus colocynthis Schrad. Cucurbitaceae
ingudi # ingudi none Sarcostigma kleinii W&A. Icacinaceae
ingudi-vraksha # syn.= ingudi vraksha, inguda, kingupatra, vishkanta, anilantak, gaur, suputra, shulari, ingudi, tikta, putikantak, angarvriksha none Balanites aegyptiaca Linn. / roxburghii Planch. Simaroubaceae
ishvari syn.= ishvari, nakuli, gandhanakuli, nakulidvaya Indian birthwort Aristolochia indica Linn. Aristolochiaceae
Isvara torch tree Ixora parviflora Vahl. / alba Rubiaceae
jai (mah. dialect) oats Aven sativa Linn Gramineae
jalapippali syn.= jalapippali, toyapippali, jalapippalika, shakuladini, sharadi, matsyagandha, matsyadani, langali purple lippia Lippia nodiflora Mich / Phyla nodiflora Linn. Verbenaceae
jalavetasa syn.= kalaukasambhrita, ambhoja, nicula none Salix tetrasperma Roxb. Salicaceae
jalavetasa syn.= vetasa, pashanabedaka none Homonoia riparia Lour. Euphorbiaceae
jambira syn.= jambira, dantashatha, jambha-jambhira-jambhila, jambhala, rocanaka, mukhashodhi, jantujit lemon (Indian ) Citrus limonum Burm. Or Sp. Risso. Rutaceae
jambu syn.= jambu, rajajambu, kshudrajambu, nadijambu, kashtajambu, gulabjambu, mahajambu, raja jambu, brihat phala, kshudrajambu, jambudvaya, black plum Eugenia jambolana Lam./ Syzgium cumini Linn. Myrtaceae
jangli-badam (hindi) Indian Almond Terminalia catappa Linn. Combretaceae
japa syn.= rudhrapushpa Chinese hibiscus / shoe-flower plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn. Malvaceae
jatamamsi # syn.= jatamamsi, jatamansi, bhutajata, sulomasha, nalada, jatila, keshini, jata, himstra, mansini, mamsi, bhutakeshi, nalagaucha Indian spikenard/musk root Nardostachys jatamamsi DC./ grandiflora DC./Valeriana jatamamsi Jones Valerianaceae
jati syn.= jati, jatik, manognya, sumana, rajputri, priyamvada, malati, hridyagandha, cetika, telbhavini, pushpa Spanish jasmine Jasminum grandiflorum Linn. Oleaceae
jatiphala syn.= jatiphala, jatikosha, malatiphala, shaluka, majasar, putha, sumanphala, soumanaphala, jatija, jatipatra nutmeg ` Myristica fragrans Houtt. Myristicaceae
jayanti syn.= harita, jaya, vijaya, sukshmamula, vikranta, aparajita, shitala, vatala, galgandahari none Sesbania egyptica Leguminosae / Papilionaceae
jayapala syn.= jayapala, naepala, kanakaphala, titteriphala, dantibheda, dravanti purgative croton Croton tiglium Linn. Euphorbiaceae
jhavuka syn.= shavaka, macika manna Tamarix gallica Linn. / indica Tamaricaceae
jimutaka syn.= jimuta, jimutaka, kantaphala, ghora, karkati, deodali, saramushika, koshavritta, akhuvrikshaka, romashpatrika, koshataki, vratakosha, akhuparni, devadali none Luffa echinata Roxb. Cucurbitaceae
jingini syn.= ajashringi, netrashuddhi none Rhus odina / Odina wodier Roxb. Anacardiaceae
jingini # syn.= jingini, modaki, jhonjhini, jhalli, gudamanjari, jaiasara, kalushi, kalamanjari, madanamanjari, parvatiya, suniryasa, ajashringi, jingoni wodier / jhingam Lannea grandis Engl. / Odina woodier Roxb. Anacardiaceae
jiraka syn.= jirak, jaran, dirghajirak, ajaji, kanavha, kanajirna, dipya, sitajaji, shuklajaji, dirghak cumin ` Cuminum cyminum Linn. Umbelliferae
jivaka syn.= jivaka none (jeevak) Malaxis acuminata D.Don / Microstylis wallichii Lindl. Orchidaceae
jivant▓ jivanti none Holostemma ada-kodien Schultes Asclepiadaceae
jivanti # syn.= jivanti, jivani, jivashresta, sakashresta, yasasvini, jivabhadra, mangalya none Dendrobium macraei Lindl. Orchidaceae
jivanti # syn.= jivanti, jivani, jiva, jivaniya, yashaskari, shakashreshtha, jivabhadra, mrigalya, jiva varddhani none Leptadenia reticulata W&A. Asclepiadaceae
jyotishmati # syn.= jyotishmati, kakandaki, pitataila, viga, svarnalata, kshipra, kedhya, matida, sarasvati, vrisha staff tree / balloon vine Celastrus paniculata Willd. / Cardiospermum halicacabum Linn. Celastraceae
kadali syn.= kadali, vana lakshmi, rambha, mochaka, svaduphala, dirghapatra, kashthirasa, amrit, balak priya, urustambha, tantu, vigraha plantain / banana Musa paradisiaca Linn. / sapientum Scitaminaceae
kadamba syn.= vrittapushpa, nip, lalanapriya, kadambari, sindhupushpa, madadhya, karnapurak, kadamba, halipriya, sisupala, gandhavatpushpa, pravrishenya, manonnati, kutsitamba wild cinchona Anthocephalus indicus A. Rich. / cadamba Miq. Rubiaceae
kadara syn.= kadara, somavalkah white cutch tree / white catech Acacia polyantha Will. Mimosaceae
kahu (Hindi) lettuce Lactuca scariola Linn. / sativa / capitata Compositae
kairavini syn.= kairavini, kumudvati, kumuda, kairvini, kumudini, udupa priya, kalhara white water lily Nymphaea alba Linn. / versicolor / odoratta / Castalia alba Nymphaeaceae
kakajangha # syn.= kakajangha, nadikanta, kakatikta, sulomaja, paravarapadi,kaka, mada, chardikarini none Leea arguata / hirta Kitaceae
kakamaci syn.= kakamaci, dhvankshamachi, vayasavha, vayasi, sarvtikta, bahuphala, katphala, rasayani, kakamata, gucchaphala, svadupaka, kakatikta black night shade Solanum nigrum Linn. Solanaceae
kakanasa # syn.= kakanasa, dhvamshanasa none Trichosanthes tricuspidata Lour. / bracteata Voigt Cucurbitaceae
kakoŞi syn.= kakoli fritillary Fritillaria roylei Hook.f. Liliaceae
kakodumbara syn.= kakodumbara, malayu, kathina, kushtaghni, falguni, falini, hemadugdhika, kharapatrika, garbhasanrakshak, stanyapradayini, kadodumbarika none Ficus hispida Linn. Urticaceae
kakoli syn.= kakoli, madhura, vira, kayastha, kshirashuklika, shvanksholi, vayasoli, svadumamsi, payasvini, kakolidvaya, kshirakakoli none Roscoea purpurea Royle. / prucera Wall. Scitaminaceae
kala dana (Hindi) pharbitis seeds Ipomoea hederaceae Jacq. Convolvulaceae
kalashaka syn.= kalashaka, kalika, nadika, patta, singgika, shaka bheda, kala jute Corchorus capsularis Linn. Tiliaceae
kalaya # syn.= kalaya, khandika none Lathyrus aphaca Linn. Papilionaceae
kalaya # kalaya, satina, harenu pea, garden pea Pisum sativum Linn. Fabaceae
kalikari # syn.= kalikari, vahnimukhi, langali, garbhpatini, vishalya, halini, shiri, prabhata, shuklapushpika, vidyut, ulka, agnijihva, pushpasi, bhara, vahni, sikha, agnika, nalarandhri, sukra pushpika, hiranyapu, garbhagatini, agnishikha superb lily / wolf's bane / glory lily Gloriosa superba Linn. Liliaceae
kamala syn.= svetakamala, pankaja, shatapatra, padma, bisa; white - kamala; pink - kokonad; blud - induvara, kalodya (seeds), kamalaraja (pollen), nalikera, nalina Egyptian or sacred lotus Nelumbium speciosum Willd. / nucifera Nymphaeaceae
kampillaka # syn.= raktang, rechi, rechanak, ranjan, lohitanga, karkasha, raktacurnak, kapilo, kamala dye Indian kamala Mallotus philippinensis Muell.-Arg. Euphorbiaceae
kamsamara kamsamara Climbing flax Hugonia mystax Linn. Linaceae
kamsya syn.= brass: mansya, loha, nijaghosha, ancaloha, prakshaka brass N/A
kancanara rakta syn.= kancanara, kancan, pakari, kovidara, dalak, canari, pitpushpa, girij, yugmaputra, mahapushpa, karbudara mountain ebony Bauhinia variegata Linn. Caesalpiniaceae
kancanara shveta syn.= kancanara, ashmantak, malukpatra, yugnapatra, amlapatrak kushali, papanashak none Bauhinia racemosa Roxb. Leguminosae
kandira # syn.= kandira, kandir, kandakatuka, ugrakanda, katilla, nasalivedan none Ranunculus sceleratus Linn. Ranunculaceae
kangshi syn.= kamakshi alum Alumen
kankola syn.= kankola, gandhamarich, kritaphala, kulak, katukphala, dvip, marich, triputa, kila, cakrabija, kashaphala, katuphala hellbore Picrorrhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth./ scrophulariiflora Pennell Scrophulariaceae
kankushtha syn.= kankushtha, kalakushtha, virang, shodha, kalapalak, kakakushtha, rachan, kolavaluka, rocan, jalavaluka, hemakshiri cubeb / tailed pepper / java pepper Piper cubeba Linn. / Cubeba officinallis Miq. Piperaceae
kantakari # syn.= kantakari, dusparsha, vyaghri, nidigdhika, bahukanta, kantalika, dhavani, bhaugudakuli, vartaki, sprushi, rushtrika, kshudra, laksmani, shveta kantakari Indian gamboge Garcinia morella Desr. Guttiferae
kantala American aloe Agave americana Linn./ cantula / cantala Amaryllidaceae
kaphi coffee / Arabian coffee Coffea arabica Linn. Rubiaceae
kapikacchu # syn.= kapikacchu, atmagupta, markati, pravnushayana, kandura, swayamgupta, durabhigraha, tikshna, romalu, visharoma, romavalli, ajaha, kandukara cowitch plant / cowhage Mucuna pruriens DC./ Carpopogon / Dolicos pruriens Papilionaceae
kapittha syn.= kapitthaka, dadhiphala, surabhicchada elephant apple / wood apple Feronia limonia / Limonia acidissima Linn. Rutaceae
karamarda syn.= krishnapakaphala, kshiraphena, samlapushpa, sushen, karamla, karamardak, avighna, panimarda, dindima none Carissa congesta Linn. Apocynaceae
karamardi syn.= karamardi, sushena, vanya, krishnaphala, karaunda, karamarda jasmine flowered carrisa Carissa carandus Linn. Apocynaceae
karanja, syn.= karanja, naktamal, gucchapushpa, ghrutpur, snigdhapatra, prakirya, cirbilva, putiparna, vriddhaphal, rocan, naktahva, naktamala Indian beech Pongamia glabra Linn. / pinnata / Galedupa indica Papilionaceae
karavella syn.= karavella, karavellika, sushavi, angarvelli, pacaru, kantaphala, pitapushpa, sukumari, aphala, akhili, rajavalli bitter gourd / carilla fruit Momordica charantia Linn. Cucurbitaceae
karavira syn.= karavira, hyamaar, ashvamaar, vajimaar, mahameer, hayaghna, shatakunda, ashvarodhak, ashvaghna, haripriya, ashvamohak, red = raktaprasav, bhutathari, ganeshakusum Indian oleander / rose berry Nerium indicum Mill. / odorum Soland. Apocynaceae
karira syn.= karira, nishpatrak, kavira, karira, tikshnakantak, mriduphala, tikshnasarak, suphala, ushtrapriya, apatra, karira saka caper plant Capparis decidua (Forsk.) Edgew./ aphylla Roth Capparidaceae
karkandhu jacka jujube Zizyphus oenoplia (Linn.) Mill. Rhamnaceae
karkatashringi syn.= karkatshringi, kulirashringi crab's claw / gall's Pistacia chinensia / integerrima Stewart. Anacardiaceae
karkati syn.= karkati, lomashi, vyalapatra, ervaru, brihatphala, cinaka none Cucumis utilissimus Roxb. & Linn. Cucurbitaceae
karmaranga syn.= karmarak, karmar, dharaphala, pitaphala, mudgarphala, mugdarak, karmarang, nagaphala Chinese gooseberry / Carambola apple Averrhoa carambola Linn. Oxalidaceae
karpasa syn.= karpasa, karpasi, nagnajit, tundi, sarni, cavya, pathya, somavalli, vamani, vishaghni, stanydabija, karpasi Indian cotton Gossypium herbaceum Linn. Malvaceae
karpasa syn.= karpasa, karpasi, patashula, chandani, vadara, picu silk cotton tree / Indian tree cotton Gossypium arboreum Linn. Malvaceae
karpura # syn.= karpura, ghanasar, shashank, candra, himavaluka, shila, garu, mimika, sphatik, sphatikopam, bhasma, tarusar, candrabhasma camphor Cinnamomum camphora Nees & Eberm. Lauraceae
karpuratulasi camphor basil Ocimum kilimandscharicum Guerke Lamiaceae
kasamarda syn.= kashamarda, rajavriksha, kasaghna, pitapushpaka, dipana, kanak, jaranakala, kartakasaghna, anjan Negro coffee Cassia occidentalis Linn. Caesalpiniaceae
kasani kasani endive/chicory Cichorium intybus Linn. Compositae
kaseru syn.= kaseruka, svalpa kanda, brihad raja, kaseruja, kasheruka none Scirpus grossus Linn. Cyperaceae
kasha syn.= kasha, kash, kandekshu, shvetacamar, ishika, ikshur, sharad, sitpushak, nadeya, darbhapatra, lekhani, sharkara thatch grass / wild sugarcane Saccharum spontaneum Linn. Gramineae
kasheru syn.= kasheru, gunthakanda, kaseru, kshudramusta, kaseruka, sugandhi, sukanda, gandha kandak, sukareshta, kasheruka, ksiravriksha water chestnut Scirpus kysoor / grossus Linn. Cyperaceae
kasisa syn.= kasisa, dhatukasisa, khecara, tapta lomasha iron sulfate N/A
kasturi syn.= harini, gandhi musk none
kataka syn.= ambuprasad, jalada, cakshushya, nirmali, kata, tiktaphala, rucya, cedaniya, lekhanatmak, dridhaphala, kattha, rucishna, shodhan clearing nut Strychnos potatorum Loganiaceae
katambhara syn.= katambhara, carushringi, katabhi, trinashaindaka Indian solanum / yellow-berried nightshade Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad / surattense Burm. Solanaceae
katchu cocco / cacao Arum colocasia / antiquorum / Theobroma cacao Linn. Araceae / Sterculiaceae
katphala # syn.= katphala, kumuda, kumbha, shriparni, somapadapa, somavalka, mahakumbhi, bhadra, bhadravati, shiva, kardarya country mallow / yellow barleria Sida rhombifolia Linn. Malvaceae
katphala # syn.= katphala, ramapatri, katphala, somavalka, kumudika, bhadravati, krishngarbha, ugragandha, ranjank, laghu kashmari box myrtle / bayberry Myrica nagi Thunb. / sapida / cerifera Myricaceae
katphala # katphala box myrtle Myrica esculenta/nagi Myricaceae
katuka # syn.= katuka, tikta, katurohini, katukarohini, cakrangi, matsyapitta, shataparva, krushnabheda, krushna, aamghni, viprangi, mahaushadhi, carmakasa, dvi tikta, (kutki) bayberry / wax myrtle Myrica carifera Myricaceae
katuki syn.= kratavedhana, tiktakoshataki none Luffa amara Roxb. / plucketiana / foetida Cucurbitaceae
katuvira syn.= raktamar▓ca cayenne ` Capsicum annum Linn. Solanaceae
kausumbha syn.= kusumbha, varddhaki, pita, alakta, vastraranjani, kamalottara, kusumba safflower / parrot seed / wild saffron Carthamus tinctorius Linn. Compositae
kavakava kava kava Piper methysticum Piperaceae
kayaputi (Hindi) cajuput tree Melaleuca leucadendron Linn. / cajuputy / minor Myrtaceae
kembuka syn.= kemuk, kembu, supatra, svalpavitap, svadukanda cabbage Brassica oleracea Linn. Cruciferae
kemuka syn.= kebuka, pushkara, kashmira, kembuka costus Costus speciosus Sm. Scitaminaceae
kesaram syn.= kunkuma, kumkuma, bahlika saffron ` Crocus sativus Linn. Irideae
ketaki syn.= ketaki, ketaka, tikshnapushpa, vikala, dhulipushpika, medhya, shivdvishta, nripapriya, dirghapatra, sthirgandha; black - hemaketaki, kanak, karnakhagadalu screw pine Pandanus tectorius auct.non Soland. ex Parkinson / odoratissimus Linn.f. Pandanaceae
khadira # syn.= khadira, balpatra, kantaki, dantadhavan, kushthari, bahushalya, bahusar, madhya, kushthaghna, irimed black catechu / cutch tree Acacia catechu Willd. Mimosoideae
khamira yeast ` Saccaromyces (produced with Torula s)
khanda syn.= kharna, kuna-var, kuna-phok, janusar (indian dialects) ephedra / ma huang Ephedra vulgaris Rich. Gnetaceae
kharjuri syn.= kharjuri, kharjura, kharaskandha, dushpradharsha, durauha, nihshreni, kashaya, yavaneshta, haripriya, kharjura wild date, date sugar palm Phoenix sylvestris Roxb. Palmae
khatmi khatmi marshmallow Althea officinalis Linn. Malvaceae
khor (hindi) none Acacia senegal Willd. Mimosaceae
khubakalam khubakalam hedge-mustard Sisymbrium irio Cruciferae
kiratatikta syn.= kiratatikta, kiratikta, kairat, ramsenak, naditikta, jvarantak, nidrani, anaryatikta, katutikta chireta Swertia chirata Buch-Ham Gentianaceae
kitamari kitamari wormkiller Aristolochia bracteata Retz. Aristolochiaceae
kodrava none Echinochloa frumentacea
kodrava # syn.= uddalaka, koradusha kodo millet Paspalum scrobiculatum Linn. Poaceae
kokilaksha syn.= kokilaksha, ikshuraka, shringali, shrinkhala, ranak, shrigalghanti, vajrasthishrinkhala, vajrakantak, kshurak, vajra, shrinkhalkika, kolistha, avyanda, ikshuvalika long-leaved barleria Asteracantha longifiolia Nees / Hygrophila longifolia Acanthaceae
koshamra syn.= koshamra, ghanaskandha, vanamra, kshudramra, raktamra, lakshavriksha, suraktak, jatudrima, krumitaru Ceylon oak Schleichera trijuga Willd. Sapindaceae
koshataki syn.= koshataki, dhamargava, jhingaka, kritachhidra, kritavedhana, sutika, mridanga phalini, koshavati, karkoti, tiktaghotali, jyotsna, katudalini, devadali, rajakoshataki, jalini ribbed gourd Luffa acutangulata Linn. Cucurbitaceae
krishna jiraka # syn.= krishnajiraka, krishna, bhedini, ruchya, jiraka, sugandha, kanajir, krishnajaji, hridya, kalajirak, krishnajiraka, karavi caraway ` Carum carvi Linn. Umbelliferae
krishna kamala krishna kamala passion flower Passiflora incarnata Passifloraceae
krishna siri├a krishna sirish none Mimosa / Albizzia amara Boivin. Mimosaceae
krishnabija syn.= krishnabijia, kaladana morning glory / pharbitis seeds Ipomoea hederacea auct. non Jacq./ Ipomoea nil (Linn.) Roth Convolvulaceae
krishnacandana syn.= krishnacandana, daru-haridrakam, darvi, pita candanak, kaleyaka black sandalwood / tree turmeric Coscinium fenestratum Gaertn. & Colebr. Menispermaceae
krishnanimba syn.= krishnanimba, kalashaka, kaidarya curry (leaves) ` Bergera koenigii (Linn.) Spreng./ Murraya koenigii Rutaceae
krishnmlika syn.= krishnamlika, golika garuga Garuga pinnata Roxb. Burseraceae
kshetra parpata # kshetra parpata two-flowered Indian madder Oldenlandia corymbosa Linn. / biflora / herbacea Rubiaceae
kshiracampaka syn.= kshiracampaka, shvetacampaka pogodo tree Plumeria rubra Linn. / acutifolia Poir. Apocynaceae
kshirakakoli syn.= kshirakoli, ksheerakakoli none Lilium polyphyllum D. Don Liliaceae
kshiravidari kshiravidari giant potato Ipomoea mauritiana Jacq./ paniculata R. Br. Convolvulaceae
kshudrapanasa syn.= kshudrapanasa bread fruit Artocarpus communis Forst. / incisus Linn. f. Moraceae
kshudrashimbi syn.= kshudrashimbi, gorakshaphalini cluster bean / field vetch Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Taub./ psoralioides DC. Papilionaceae
kubjaka syn.= kubjaka, bhadra taruni, brihat pushpa, mahasaha, shatapatri, taruni, karnika carukeshara musk-scented rose Rosa moschata Mill / pubescens / glandulifera Rosaceae
kukundara syn.= kukurunda, tamracuda, sukshmapatra, mriduchada, kukudru, kukurbandha, kukurunda none Blumea lacera DC. Compositae
kulattha syn.= khalakula, kulastha, lulatha, kulittha, tamrabija, shvetabija, kulali, vanaja, urvara, sthirmudra, aliskandha, kakavrinta horse gram Dolichos biflorus Linn. / Vigna unquiculata Papilionaceae
kumari syn.= kumari, kanyasara, ghritakumari, gruhakanya, dirhapatrika, ajara, vira, taruni, rama, kapila, sthaldala, mata, mandala, akshayakaraka, atipittala aloe vera Aloe vera Linn. / barbadensis Liliaceae
kumbhi kumbhi none Careya arborea Roxb. Myrtaceae / Barringtoniaceae
kumbhika syn.= kumbhika, variparni, varimuli, jalakumbhi tropical duck weed Pistia stratiotus Linn. Araceae
kumuda syn.= kalhar, karavira, hyamar, ashvamar, vajimar, mahamir, hayaghna, shatakunda, ashvarodhak, ashvaghna, haripriya, ashvamohak, yavanala, devadhanya, juhvoli, juhvala, anala, red = raktaprasav, bhutathari, ganeshakusum, nilotpala water-lily Nymphaea stellata / Euryale ferox Nymphaeaceae
kumudam Indian water-lily Nymphaea nouchali Burm.F. Nymphaeaceae
kunda downy jasmine Jasminum multiflorum (Burm.f.) Andr./ pubescens Willd. Oleaceae
kunda syn.= suran, arshoghna, kanda, kandarha, suvritta, vatari, kandasuran, sthulkandak, tivrakandak, rucyakandak telgu potato Amorphophallus campanulatus Blume Aroidaceae
kupilu syn.= kupilu, ashvashakhota none Glycosmis arborea (Roxb.) DC. Rutaceae
kupilu syn.= kupilu, kuchala, karaskara, vishatinduka, kunchvriksha, kakatinduka, kalapilu, kulaka, markatatinduka, vishmushti, Nuxvomica Strychnos nuxvomica Linn. Loganiaceae
kurandika syn.= kurandika, agni-garba, agni-garva blistering ammania Ammania baccifera Linn. ssp. Baccifera Lythraceae
kurantaka syn.= saireyaka, artagala, sahacara, kurataka none Barleria prionitis Linn. Acanthaceae
kusha syn.= kusha, sucyagra, rhasvakush, brahmapavitra, tikshna, sucimuka, vahniputatrina, mridudarbha, kutha, darbha sacrificial grass Desmostachya bipinnata Staff. Gramineae
kushmanda syn.= kushmanda, karkotika, kushmandi, suphala, kumbhaphala, kshirhala, kushmandaki, karkati, mahaphala, pushpaphala, pitpushpa, valliphala, somaka white pumpkin / melon Benincasa hispida Cogn. / cerifera Cucurbitaceae
kushtha # syn.= kushtha, yapya, brahmatirtha, pushkarasya, shvasari, padmatirtha, pushkarsagar, shulahara, punyasagar, gada kuth root / costus Saussurea lappa Clarke Compositae
kutaja syn.= kutaja, shakra, vatsaka, girimallika, pravishya, shakrapadaka, varatika, yavaphala, mahagandha, koti, shambhuruha, aindrayava, aindra phala, kalinga, kautaja, shakrahva, puruhuta, bhadrayava, indrayava, indravriksha conessi bark / tellicherry bark / kurchi Holarrhena antidysenterica (white) Wall. Apocynaceae
kutira syn.= kutira, laghu lonika, lonika, upadyki, kutinjara, jivalonika none Portulaca quadrifida Linn. Portulacaceae
laghu patha # syn.= patha, ambashtha, ambashtaki, pracchina, shreyasi, ekashthila, dipani, varatiktata, tiktapushpa, devi, atisaranashani, kuvela velvet leaf Cissampelos pareira Linn. Menispermaceae
lajjalu syn.= lajjalu, lakshmana, alambusha none Biophytum sensitivum DC. Geraniaceae
lajjalu # syn.= lajjalu, shamipatra, samanga, anjalikarika, namaskari, sparsharodanika sensitive plant Mimosa pudica Linn. Leguminosae
lakshmana lakshmana none Ipomoea sepiaria Roxb. / acut.non (Linn.f.) Sweet Convolvulaceae
lakuca syn.= lakuca, kshudra panata, nikuca, granthimat phala, lakucha none Artocarpus lakoocha Urticaceae
lakuca # wild jack Artocarpus hirsutus Lam. Moraceae
lal-bahamana (bengali) blood-veined sage Salvia haematodes W. Labiatae
lamajjaka none Andropogon iwarancusa Roxb. / laniger Gramineae
lamajjaka syn.= lamajjaka, jaladhara, dirghamula, jalashaya, ishtakapathaka, shighra, amrinala, sunalaka, ushira bheda none Cymbopogon jwarancusa Gramineae
lashuna syn.= lashuna, rason, arishta, yavaneshta, mahaushadha, bhutaghna, ugragandha, amlakani, rasayanavara, jugupsita garlic ` Allum sativum Linn. Liliaceae
latakaranja syn.= puti karanj, lata karanj, ghrit karanj, kantaki karanj, kuberaksha, prakirya, shakra, virasya, najrabijaka bonducella nut / fever nut Caesalpinia crista Linn. / bonducella Flem. / bonduc Caesalpiniaceae
latakasturikam syn.= gandapura, zatakasturika musk mallow Hibiscus abelmoschus Linn./ Abelmoschus moschatus Medikus Malvaceae
lauha bhasma syn.= iron: loha, shasira, ayas, kushtha, vyanga, paravata, ghana ash, iron Ferrum
lavana, krishna / vida salt, black ` Sodium chloride
lavana, saindhava salt, rock ` Sodium chloride / impure salt
lavana, samudra salt, sea ` Sodia muras
lavana, vanaspat (sajjikshar) salt, plant / fossil ` Potassium nitre
lavana, yavakshar salt, seed or grain ` Sodium chloride
lavanga syn.= lavang, devkusum, candanpushpa, shri, varij, shekhar, tikshnapushpa, divyagandha, jalaji, grahanihar clove ` Syzygium aromaticum Merr perry. / Myrtus caryophyllus Myrtaceae
likkata hill-mango Commiphora wightii (Arn.) Bhandari / Protium caudatum W&A Burseraceae
lingini lingini none Diplocyclos palmatus Leffrey / Bryonia laciniosa Linn. Cucurbitaceae
lodhra # chunga Symplocos cochinchinensis (Lour>) Moore ssp. Laurina Nooteboom Symplocaceae
lodhra # syn.= shabar, galav, lodhraka, hema, shabari, tilvaktaru, akshi bhesaja lodh tree Symplocos racemosa Roxb. Styraceae
madala aralu # syn.= mahanimba, atarusha, aralu none Ailantus excelsa Roxb. Simaroubaceae
madana phala syn.= madana, pindi, shalyak, vishapushpaka, ratha, nut, pinditaka, harnya, ghantakhya, bastishodhana, granthiphala, golaphala, vishamushkaka, gala, karaghata emetic nut Randia dumetorum Lam. / Xeromphis spinosa Rubiaceae
madhavi syn.= madhavi, madhabi, madhavipuspa, muktaka, atimuktaka, karmukta clustered hiptage Hiptage benghalensis (Linn.) Kurz / madablota Gaertn. Malpighiaceae
madhu karkatika true sweet lime Citrus limetta W&A. Rutaceae
madhuka syn.= madhuk, tikshnasar Indian butter tree South Indian mahua Madhuca longifolia Linn. / Bassia longifulia Sapotaceae
madhuka syn.= madhuka, tikshna, sara, gudapushpaka, golaphala, madhushthila, madhu koshthi, madhu druma none Madhuca indica
madhukarkai syn.= madhukarkati, madhukarkatika, svadulungi, ghantalika, ghata none Citrus maxima Rutaceae
madhushigru madhushrigru none Moringa concanensis Moringaceae
madhvalu madhvalu none (variety of yam) Dioscorea esculenta Dioscoriaceae
madiasaka syn.= garbijaur, menda (hindi) none Litsea glutinosa C. B. Robins Lauraceae
mahabala syn.= mahabala, jyesthabala, katambhara, kesarika, kesharuha, sahadevi, prasarani, pitapushpi, vatyayani, chiraphushpi, prasadani none Sida humilis Willd./ acuta / shinosa ? Malvaceae
mahameda syn.= mahameda, meda Solomon's seal Polygonatum verticillatum (Linn.) All. Liliaceae
mahanimba syn.= pishachavraksa none Ailantus malabarica DC. Xanthoxylaceae
mahashatavari syn.= mahashatavari, shatavari, urdhvkantha, pivari, dhivari, vari, abhhhirul, bahupatra, mahapurushadantika none Asparagus sarmentosus Willd. Liliaceae
makaya syn.= makaya, mahakaya corn / Indian corn / maize Zea mays Linn. Poaceae
makushtha syn.= makushtha, makushthaka kidney beans / tapery beans Phaseolus aconitifolius Jacq. Papilionaceae
malayavach syn.= mahabharivaca, kulaj, gandhamula, kulanjan, gandhabija, ugragandha, sugandha, mahabhairavach, malayavaca java glangal Alpinia galanga Willd. / calcarata Scitaminaceae
mallika syn.= mallika, varshiki, vaarshiki Arabian jasmine, Tuscan jasmine Jasminum sambac Ait. Oleaceae
mamsarohini syn.= mamsarohini, atiruha, vritta, praharvalli, vikasha, kasha, mansarakta, pishitrohini, agniruha none Soymida febrifuga Adr. Juss. Meliaceae
mandukaparni syn.= mandukaparni, madhukaparni, manduki, ekuparni, brahmamanduki Indian pennywort / gotu kola Centella / Hydrocotyle asiatica Linn. Umbelliferae
mandura syn.= syn.= iron: loha, shasira, ayas, kushtha, vyanga, paravata, ghana iron oxide N/A
manjishtha syn.= manjishtha, manjishtham, harini, rakta, gauri, rohini, vijaya, manjusha, jvarahantri, chadma, ragangi, rasayani, tamramula, bhandi, lohita yashtika Indian madder Rubia cordifolia Linn. Rubiaceae
manka syn.= manakanda, manak mahapatra, dirghadal, mahacchada, mahatpatra, pankanca great-leaved caladium / giant taro Alocasia macrorrhiza / indica Schott Aroidaceae
marchuba (hindi) asparagus Asparagus officinalis Linn. Liliaceae
marica syn.= maricha, palita, shyam, kol, yavaneshta, vrittaphala, shakanga, kaatuka, krishna, krimihara pepper, black ` Piper nigrum Linn. Piperaceae
marisha syn.= marisha, marshika none Amarantus tristis/tricolor Linn. Amarantaceae
markandika # syn.= svarnapatri, markandi India or tinnevelly senna Cassia angustifolia Wahl./ senna Linn. Caesalpiniaceae
marubaka basil Ocimum caryophyllatum Roxb. Labiatae
maryadavalli syn.= maryadavalli, sagaramekhala,bastranti, chagalantri, vriddhadaru goat's food creeper Ipomoea perscaprae (Linn.) R.Br. / biloba Forssk. Convolvulaceae
masaparni masaparni wild black gram Vigna radiata Wilczek (var. sublota Roxb. Verdc.) / Phaseolus sublobatus Fabaceae
mashaparni 1 syn.= mashaparni, masha parui, krishnavrinta, kamboji, hayapucchika, mamsamasha, simhamukhi, svadumasha, mahasaha none Teramnus labialis Spreng. Papilionaceae
mashaparni 2 syn.= mashaparni, krishnavrinta, kamboji, hayapucchika, mansamasha, sinhamukhi green gram / black gram Phaseolus mungo Linn. / Vigna mungo Hepper Leguminosae
masura syn.= masura bheda, masurika, mandukaparni lentils Lens esculenta Moench. / culinaris Medikus Papilionaceae / Fabaceae
matsyakshi syn.= matsyakshi, balika, matsyagandhi, matsyadani none Enhydra fluctuans Lour. Compositae
matsyakshi syn.= matsyakshi, patturah, nadikalaya none Alternanthera sessilis R. Br. Ex DC. Amarantaceae
mayaphala syn.= mayaphala, mayiphala, cidraphala, mayika, mayi gall oak Quercus infectoria Oliv. Cupuliferae
mayurashikha syn.= mayurashikha, morpankhi peacock's tail Actinopteris dichotoma Bedd. Polypodiaceae
mayurashikha syn.= mayurshikha, mayurashikha, madhuchchada none Adiantum caudatum Linn. Polypodiaceae
meda meda none Polygonatum cirrhifolium (Wall.) Royle
medasaka syn.= medasaka, karkameda, medalakadi, medalakavi, meda none Litsea chinensis Lam. Lauraceae
medhika syn.= methika, methini, dipani, gandhaphala, vallari, amnthya, mishrapushpa, kairavi, pitbija fenugreek ` Trigonella foenum-graecum Linn. Papilionaceae
mendhi syn.= mendika, raktagarba, kuravaka, madayantika, madanaka henna (Persian red) Egyptian priven Lawsonia alba Lam. / inermis Linn. Lythraceae
mishamitika syn.= mamira, pitmula gold thread Coptis teeta Wall. Ranunculaceae
mishreya # syn.= mishreya, shatavha, shatapushpa, mishi, suvakpushpi, madhavi, karavi, bahula, suganda, chatra Indian dill (kind of fenugreek) Anethum sowa Kurz. / graveolens Linn. /Peucedanum graveolens Linn. Umbelliferae
mocarasa syn.= mocaka, shalmaliveshtaka, mocanirtyasaka, piccha, mocarsrava, veshtaka none Salmalia malabarica
mohri (dialect) India napellus Aconitum chasmanthum Stapf. Ranunculaceae
moti bhasma syn.= pearl: mauktika, taulika, muktaphala, mukta, shuktija ash, pearl Mytilus margaritiferus
moti pishti syn.= pearl: mauktika, taulika, muktaphala, mukta, shuktija powder, pearl Mytilus margaritiferus
mridukuncika syn.= mridukuncika, cirapotha country gooseberry Physalis minima Linn. Solanaceae
mucakunda syn.= kshatravriksha, citrak, prativishnuk, bahupatra, supushpa, adhyarhi, lakshmanav, raktaprasav, vasu none Pterospermum suberifolium Lam./ canescens Roxb. Sterculiaceae
mucukunda syn.= kshetravriddha, ciguka, prativishnuka, karnikara none Pterospermum acerifolium Willd. Sterculiaceae
mudga green gram / golden gram Vigna radiata (Linn.) Wilczek / Phaseolus radiatus Linn. etc Fabaceae
mudgaparni 2 syn.= mudgaparni, kshudrasaha, suryaparni, kurangini, vanaja, shimbi, sinhi, marjargandhika, vanamudgam wild bean Phaseolus trilobus Leguminosae
mudgaparni 1 mudgaparni none Vigna pilosa Baker / Dolichos pilosus Roxb. Fabaceae
mukulaka syn.= mukulaka, raktamra, lakshavriksha, koshamra Ceylon oak / lac tree / Macassar tree Sapindacea Schleichera oleosa Oken / trijuga Willd. Sapindaceae
mulaka syn.= mulaka, mulahva, kandamula, hastidanta, karitparna, rucir, tikshna, mishra, vyaktirasa radish Raphanus sativus Linn. Cruciferae
mulini syn.= mulini, gandhana vomiting swallow wort Asclepias asthmatica Asclepiadaceae
munditika syn.= mundi, shravani, brahmicarini, kulahala East Indian globe thistle Sphaeranthus indicus Linn./ hirtus Willd. Compositae / Asteraceae
munja syn.= munja, kshura, sthula darbha, banahva, brahma mekhala devil sugarcane / reedy sugarcane Saccharum / Erianthus arundinaceum Retz. Gramineae
munjatika munjatika marsh orchid / salep Orchis latifolia Linn. Orchidaceae
mura syn.= mura, gandhavati, daitya, gandhadhya, surabhi, katu none Selinum tenuifolium
murad (hindi) myrtle Myrtus communis Linn. Myrtaceae
murva syn.= murva, devi, madhurasa, devashreni, madhusrava, snigdhaparni, muruva, prithakparni, morati, piluparnika none Sansevieria zeylanica / roxburghiana Schult. Haemodoraceae
murva syn.= murva, madhusrava, madhurasa none Marsdenia tenacissima Wight. & Am. Asclepiadaceae
murva # syn.= laghukarni, madhurasa, devi, tejani, triparni, tikta, dahani, gopvalli, dudhuda bowstring hemp Clematis triloba Heyne. Ranunculaceae
murva # syn.= murva, morata none Chonemorpha fragrans/macrophylla (Moon) Alston / (Roxb.) (G.Don) Apocynaceae
musali syn.= musali, khalani, kanchanpushpika, mahaviksha, vriksha kanda, kharjuri, talamulika, balini, talapatri none Chlorophytum tuberosum Baker Liliaceae
mushka # syn.= mushka, mokshakaka, ghunti, shikhari, kshudra patala, ksharashreshtha, mokshaka, kalamushkaka weaver's beam tree Schrebera swietenioides Roxb. Oleaceae
musli # syn.= mushali, shveta, musali, mushali, dholi none Asparagus adscendens Roxb. Liliaceae
musta # syn.= mustak, jalada, nagarmusta, ghan, shishira, bhadra, gudagranthi, sugandhi, hima, balahak, varid, gundra,bhadramusta, kurubilva, ambuda nut grass Cyperus rotundus Linn. Cyperaceae
mustaka Indian Cyperus Cyperus pertenuis / C. hexastachyus Cyperaceae
nadinishpava nadinishpava none Cylista scariosa Roxb. Papilionaceae
nagabala 2 syn.= nagabala, gangeruki, vishvedeva, gavedhuka, khar-yashtika prickly sida Sida spinosa Linn./ alba / alinifolia Malvaceae
nagabala 1 syn.= nagabala, bhumibala none Sida cordata Borssum / veronicaefolia Lam. Malvaceae
nagabala # syn.= nagabala, mahabala, kharagandha, catuhphala, mahoday, mahapatra, arishta, devadanda, gengeruki, khandari, shasha Gulsakri Grewia hirsuta Vahl Tiliaceae
nagadamni syn.= damanak, danta, muni, pundarik, brahmajata, jatil, pavitrak, dani, vinit, devshekhar, tapasviputra Indian wormwood / fleabane / mugwort Artemisia vulgaris Linn./ nilagirica Pamp. Compositae
nagadanti syn.= bhutamkusam, bhuthala bhairi, naga hva, naga hvaya none Croton oblongifolius Roxb. Euphorbiaceae
nagajihva syn.= nagajihva, mamajjaka, nahi none Enicostemma axillare Gentianaceae
nagakeshara # syn.= nagakeshara, kinjalka, campeya, nagakinjalka, kancan, suvarna, rukma, nagapushpa, ahipushpa, mahapushpa, hemahpushpaka, gaja, hema, nagakesara iron wood tree, cobra's saffron Mesua ferrea Linn./ nagassarium (Kosterm.) Guttiferae / Clusiaceae
nagamalli syn.= nagamalli, madhumadavi, navakallika tree jasmine Jasminum arborescens Roxb. Oleaceae
nala # none Lobelia nicotianaefolia Heyne. ex Roth Lobeliaceae
nala # syn.= nada, kushirandhra, kichak, vanshavar, dhaman, vibhishan, chidranta, mrudupatra, randhrapatra reed Arundo donax Linn. Gramineae ?
nandivriksha syn.= nandivriksha, ashvattha bheda, prarohi, gajapadapa, tuna red cedar / Indian mahogany tree Toona ciliate Roem. / Cedrela toona Roxb. Meliaceae
nandivriksha # nandivriksha Indian rosebay Tabernaemontana divaricata R.Br.ex Roem. & Schultes / coronaria Br. Apocynaceae
narangi syn.= narangi, naranga, nagaranga, goraksha, yoga sagara, airavataphala loose-skinned orange Citrus reticulata Rutaceae
nikumba none Jathropha glandulifera Roxb. Euphorbiaceae
nikunjika nikunjika none Acacia caesia Willd./ intsia Mimosaceae
nil▓ syn.= nili, nila, nilini, tutya, radni, kalika, shyama, shodhani, gramya, nilkeshi, truni, anjanaki, klitanaka true indigo / Dyer's indigo / Indian indigo Indigofera tinctoria Linn. Papilionaceae
nilaniryasa syn.= nilaniryasa, tailparna blue gum eucalyptus / Australian fever tree Eucalyptus globulus Labill. Myrtaceae
nilvall▓ syn.= nilavalli, vallishakhota none Uvaria narum (dunal) Wall.ex. Wight /Unona narum Dun. Annonaceae
nimba syn.= neem, pichumarda, hinguniryas, sarvatobhadra, shita, pitasaraka, arishta, arishtaphala, jeshtamalaka, yavanaeshta, neta, shukpriya, subhadra, krimighna Indian lilac / margosa tree Azidiracta indica A Juss. Meliaceae
nimbu citric acid N/A
nimbu syn.= nimbuka common orange / sweet or Chinese orange Citrus aurantium Linn. Rutaceae
nimbuka syn.= nimbuka, amlajambira, vahni, dipya, shodhana, vahnibija, amlasara, dantaghata, rocana, jantumari, rajinimbuka (not mentioned in ancient texts) lime Citrus acida / bergamia Ris et. Poi Rutaceae
nirgundi # syn.= nirgundi, nirgudi, sinduvarak, shephali, suvaha, bhutkeshi, nilsinduk, pushpanilak, shitbhiru, vanak five-leaved chaste tree Vitex negundo Linn. Verbenaceae
nirvimsha syn.= nirvamsha, nirvisha, upavisha, vishaha, vishahantrika, vivisha, vishabhava, avisha, vishavairini none Delphinium denudatum Wall. ex Hook Ranunculaceae
nityakalyani nityakalyani Madagascar periwinkle Catharanthus roseus G.Don. / Vinca rosea Linn. Apocynaceae
nivara nivara Bengal wild rice Hygroryza aristata (Retz.) Nees ex. W&A / Pharus aristatus Retz. Poaceae
nrityakundala # syn.= nrityakundala, narttaka, ragi, soma, rajika, krishna finger millet / Indian millet Eleusine coracana (Linn.) Gaertn. / Cynosurus coracanus Linn. Poaceae
nubarse (Ben.) country goose berry Averrhoa acida Oxalidaceae
padma syn.=kamalam, pathoj, kamal, padma, nalin, ambhoj, salilaja, aravinda, mahotpala, rajiv, sarasija sacred lotus / Indian lotus / Chinese lotus Nelumbo nucifera Druce Nymphaeaceae
padmacarini padmarcarini none Nervilia aragoana Gaud./ Pogonia flabelliformis Lindl. Orchidaceae
padmaka bird cherry / wild cherry Prunus puddum Roxb. ex Wall. / cerasoides D.Don Rosaceae
palakya iris sp. Bergenia ligulata Engl. / Saxifraga ligulata Wall./ Rotula aquatica Lour. Saxifragaceae
palakya syn.= palakya, vastukakara, churika, ciritacchada beet Beta vulgaris Linn. Chenopodiaceae
palandu palandu onion Allium cepa Linn. Liliaceae
palasha # syn.= palasha, kimshuka, raktapushpaka, ksharashreshtha, brahmvriksha, samidvara, triparna, vakrapushpa, trivrinta bastard teak Butea monosperma Kuntze frondosa Koem ex. Roxb Leguminosae
panasa Indian jack tree Artocarpus integrifolia Linn. / heterophyllus Urticaceae
panduraphali syn.= panduraphali, bhuriphali trumpet flower tree / yellow snake tree Stereospermum suaveolens / colais Ham. ex. Dillw. Bignoniaceae
papadkhar mineral salts N/A
paphana paphana morinda tree Morinda pubescens J.E. Smith
paranti paranti spinach Spinacia oleracea Linn./ setrandra / spinosa Chenopodiaceae
parasika yavan▓ syn.= parasik yavani, khurasani yavani, yavahva, yavanika, parasik yavani, tivra, turuska, madakari jungle geranium / sacred ixora Ixora coccinea Linn. Rubiaceae
paribhadra paribhadra henbane / black henbane Hyocyamus reticulatus Linn. / niger Solanaceae
paribhadra syn.= mimbataru, mandalia, parijataka, palitmandar Indian coral tree / Moochy wood tree Erythrina indica Lam. Papilionaceae
parijata syn.= sephalika, rajanikasa night jasmine weeping nyctanthes Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Linn. Oleaceae
parijata syn.= parijata, shephalika Indian coral tree Erythrina indica Lam. / variegata Linn. Fabaceae
paripela syn.= paripela, plava, vanya, shukahva, paripelaka night jasmine / coral jasmine Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Linn. Oleaceae
paris # syn.= phalish, kapichudha, kapitana, pushpashvattha, nandi vriksha portia tree, tulip tree Thespesia populnea Corr. Malvaceae
parnabija parnabija none Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers. Bryophyllum calycinum Salisb. Crassulaceae
parnayavani syn.= parnayavani, karpurvalli, pashanbhedi country borage / Indian borage Coleus amboinicus Benth./ Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng. Labiatae
parpata # syn.= parpata, carak, renu, trishnari, kharak, varmakantak, pittari, kavaca, varatikta, varak, atisaraha common fumitory Fumaria indica Pungsley / parviflora / vaillantii Fumariaceae
parpata # syn.= parpata, parpataka none Hedyotis / Oldenlandia corymbosa (Linn.) Lam. Rubiaceae
parushaka parushaka small wild date palm Phoenix pusilla Gaertn. Arecaceae
parushaka syn.= parushaka, parushak, nilparna, giripilu, alpagasthi, atimandal, roshan, dhanvancchada, parimandal, dharmana, parusha none Grewia asiatica Linn. Tiliaceae
pashanabheda # pashanabheda pata root Cyclea peltata (Lam) Hook.f.& Thomas. Menispermaceae
patal garudi syn.= patha, ambastha, viddhakarni, sthapani, rasa, ekashthila, papveli, pracina velvet leaf, parrot root Cocculus hirsutus (Linn.) Diels Menispermaceae
patala # syn.= patala, krishnavrinta, madhuduti, allivallabha, tamraphushpi, kuberakshi, amogha none Ficus microcarpa Linn.f. Moraceae
patha # patha spinous fluggea Securinega leucopyrus (Willd.) Muell-Arg. Euphorbiaceae
patola syn.= patola, patol, tikta, rajiphal, rajey, kushtha, amritphal, kasbhanjan, katuphala, nagamrit, kasamardan, kushthaghni wild snake gourd Trichosanthes dioica / lobata Roxb. Cucurbitaceae
patrangah syn.= patranga, patranga, patanga, pattaranjaka, pattanga, ruktamukta sappan wood / Brazil wood Caesalpinia sappan Linn. Caesalpiniaceae
patva (Hindi) Rozelle hemp / red sorrel Hibiscus sabdariffa Linn. Malvaceae
paushkaram syn.= paushkaram, pushkaram none Inula racemosa Hook.f. Asteraceae
peruka guava / common guava Psidium guajava Linn. Myrtaceae
phala-kantaka # syn.= kurutaka, uttamarani, vrishcikali uttamarani none Daemia extensa R. Br./ Asclepias echinata / Pergularia daemia Chiov. Asclepiadaceae
phanya syn.= grishmasundara, parpataka none Mollugo cerviana Ser. Ficoidaceae
phoga syn.= phoga, marudbhava, shringi, sukshma, pushpa, shashadana none Calligonum polygonoides Linn.
phudina syn.= gamathi phudra peppermint ` Mentha piperita Linn. Labiatae
pilu syn.= pilu, shatasahasrami, tikshna, karabhapriya, sahasrangi, gudaphala none Salvadora oleoides Dene. Salvadoraceae
pilu # tooth brush tree / salt bush Salvadora persica Linn. Salvadoraceae
pindalu syn.= pindalu, raktalu sweet potato Ipomoea batatas (Linn.) Lam. Convolvulaceae
pindara syn.= pindara, karahata, tikshnakala, kurangaka none Gardenia turgida Roxb. Rubiaceae
pippali # syn.= pippali, magadhi, krishna, vaidehi, capala, kana, ushna, upkulya, krikara, katubija, korangi pepper, indian long ` Piper longum Linn. Piperaceae
pippali mula # syn. = pippali mula pepper, indian long Piper longum Linn. Piperaceae
pishac karpas # devil's cotton Abroma augusta Linn. Sterculiaceae
pita loha syn.= kapila bronze variety N/A
pitabhringaraja syn.= pitabhringaraja, pitabhringa none Wedelia chinensis (Osbeck) Merrill / calendulacea Less. Asteraceae
plaksha syn.= plaksha, jati, parkati, pakativriksha, pakar wave leafed fig tree Ficus lacor Ham. Urticaceae
plaksha syn.= plaksha, kapitana, parisha none Ficus arnottiana Miq. Moraceae/Urticaceae
potaki syn.= potaki, potaka, matsya, kali, sutungika, putika, vashalakkirai, shivappu, vashalakkirai Indian spinach Basella rubra Linn. Chenopodiaceae
pracinamalak▓ syn.= pracinamalaki, praci, nagara, raktaka none Flacourtia jangomas Flacourtiaceae
prajamoda parsley ` Petroselinum crispum Umbelliferae
prasarani prasarani none Merremia tridentata Hallier / Ipomoea tridentata (Linn.) Roth Convolvulaceae
pratanika pratanika none Orthosiphon thymiflorus (Roth) Sleasen Lamiaceae
praval pishti/bhasma syn.= coral: syn.= pearl: mauktika, taulika, muktaphala, mukta, shuktija red coral- powder or ash Corallium rubrum
pravala syn.= coral: pravala, vidruma, sindhu, latagra, raktasvarnaka coral none
prishnaparni plaksha none Uraria picta Desv. / logopoides DC Papilionaceae
prishnaparni # syn.= prishnaparni, prishniparni, kalashi, dhamani, mekhala, shrigali, dirghaparni, kroshthukmekhala, upacitra, snigdhaparni, vedavahni, guha Cyprus Cyperus sp. Cyperaceae
priyala syn.= priyala, kharaskandh, bahalvalkal, snehabij, lalan, tapaspriya, caroli, ciraunji, karaka cuddapa almond Buchanania lanzan Spreng. / latifolia Anacardiaceae
priyangu syn.= priyangu, phalini, shyama, kantahva, mandani, lata foxtail millet / Italian millet Poaceae Setaria italica Beauv. Gramineae
priyangu # syn.= phalini, parnabhedini, pita, mangalaya, shreyasi, varnabhedini, gandhaphali, striphali, lata none Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl. Verbenaceae
pudina syn.= puthea, corn mint ` Mentha arvensis Linn. Labiatae
puga syn.= puga, kramuka areca nut Areca catechu Linn. Palmae
pulika pulika none Phyllanthus reticulatus Poir. Euphorbiaceae
punarnava # syn.= punarnava, vishakh, kshudrapatra, raktavrintak spreading hogweed Boerhaavia diffusa Linn. / repens Nyctaginaceae
punarnava rakta syn.= punarnava, raktavarsha, shophaghni, raktapushpika, piksvara, vushaghni, pravrishenya, sarini hog weed Boerhaavia diffusa Linn. Nyctaginaceae
punnaga syn.= punnaga, purusha, rakta vriksha, devavallabh, surapanika, sugandhipushpa, surapati, campak Alexandrian laurel / pannay tree Calophyllum inophyllum Linn. Guttiferae
pushkaramula # syn.= pushkaramula, pushkara, kaimavati, shvetavaca, kashmir, kushthabheda, kasari, shvasari, shulahara, sugandhika elecampane orris root Inula helenium Linn. / Iris florentina Compositae
puti syn.= puti, khatika, chalk Calcii carbonas
putidaru syn.= putidaru, vitkhadira poon tree / wild almond Sterculia foetida Linn. Sterculiaceae
putiha syn.= putiha, rocani phudino, spearmint ` Mentha spicia (spicate) / viridis / sylvestris Linn. Labiatae
putrada syn.= lakshamana, raktavindu mandrake / devil's apples Mandragora officinalum Linn. Solanaceae
putranjivaka syn.= putranjivaka, pavitra, garbhad, sutajivak, kutajiva, apatyajiva, siddhid, arthasadhak, garbhakar none Putranjiva roxburghii Wall. / Drypetes roxburghii Wall. Euphorbiaceae
rajadana syn.=rajadana, rajadani cow pea Vigna unguiculata (Linn.) Walp. (ssp. cylindrica Eselt.) / sinensis / catjang Fabaceae
rajadani none Mimusops hexandra Roxb. / indica Sapotaceae
rajamari bloodwort / yarrow ? Achillea millifolia Linn Compositae
rajamasha rajamasha none Malaxis muscifera (Lindley) Kuntze ? Microstylis muscifera Ridley Orchidaceae
rajamasha syn.= rajamasha, mahamasha, cavala none Habenaria edgeworthii Hook.f. ex Collett Orchidaceae
rajika syn.= asuri, raktika, rajkshavak, krishnvarnak, siddarthak brown mustard / Indian mustard Brassica juncea Linn. Cruciferae
rajika syn.= rajasarsapa black mustard ` Sinapus juncea / nigra / ramosa cunefolia / rugosa Cruciferae
raktacandana red sandalwood Pterocarpus santalinus Linn Papilionaceae
raktamaci syn.= raktamaci tomato Lycopersicum esculentum Mill. / lycopersicum (Linn.) Karsten Solanaceae
raktaniryasa syn.= raktaniryasha, raktaniryas dragon's blood Daemenorops draco Blume Palmae
raktapamarga raktapamarga small prickly chaff-flower plant Cyathula prostrata (Linn.) Blume / Desmochaeta prostrata Linn. Amarantaceae
raktavalli red creeper Ventilago madraspatana Gaertn. Rhamnaceae
ramphala true custard apple / bull's heart Annona reticulata Linn. Annonaceae
ramtil syn.= kala-til niger seed, Kersani seed Guizohia abyssynica Cass. Compositae
ranga syn.= tin: vanga, rangaka, tiraka, trapu, karati, ghana ash, tin Stannum
rasa syn.= mercury: parada, capala, hemanidhi, suta, rasottama, trinetra, rashona, svami, harabija, prabhu, rasendra, rasaloha, maharasa mercury N/A
rasna # none Vanda roxburghii R Br. Orchidaceae
renuka # syn.= renuka, kapila, kaunti, pandu patri, harenuka none Vitex agnus-castus Verbenaceae
rohisha syn.= rohisha, rohitak, rohit, kushalmali, sadaprasun, kutashalmali, virocan, shalmalik, dadimpushpak, dhyamaka lemon grass/ginger grass ` Cymbopogon martini / schoenanthus Linn. Bignoniaceae
rohitaka # syn.= rohitak, rohit, kushalmali, sadaprasun, kutashalmali, virocan, shalmalik, dadimpushpak none Tecomella undulata Bignoniaceae
rohitka # rohitaka rohituka tree Aphanamixis polystachya Parker / Amoora rohituka W&A Meliaceae
r-riddhi riddhi none Vigna cylindrica Papilionaceae
r-rishabhaka rishibhaka obtuse-leafed mimusops Manilkara hexandra (Roxb.) Dubard / Mimusoops hexandra Roxb. Sapotaceae
rudantika # syn.= rudantika, rudanti none Cressa cretica Linn. Convolvulaceae
rudraksha rudraksha utrasum-bead tree Elaeocarpus sphaericus (Gaertn.) K. Schum./ E. ganitrus Roxb. Elaeocarpaceae
rumamastaki syn.= rumimastagi, mastagi, alakrimi, kundarrumi, jalakumbhu, hatha, khamulika, variparni, kumbhika, varimuli mastiche tree Pistacia lentiscus Linn. Anacardiaceae
sadapaha syn.= somalata four o'clock flower Mirabilis jalapa Linn. Nyctaginaceae
sadaphal (hindi) none Mussaenda frondosa Linn. Rubiaceae
sahacara syn.= sairyaka wild cowry fruit Casearia esculanta Roxb. Samydaceae
sahadevi syn.= sahadevi, jvarhara, ardhaprasadana none Euphorbia dracunculoides Lam. Euphorbiaceae
sakhara syn.= ikshu, rasalah, bahurasa, kandekshu, kantara ikshu, ikshubheda devil tree / shaitan wood Alstonia scholaris Linn. Apocynaceae
salap jaggery palm / elephant's palm / fist-tail palm Caryota urens Linn. Palmae
sana syn.= machika, phalamla, nali white mustard ` Brassica alba Rabehn. Cruciferae
san-angur (Hindi) turnip / rape seed Brassica campestris Linn. Cruciferae
sanaparni long-leafed pine / clear pine Pinus-cedrus deodar Roxb./ roxburghii Sarg. Conifereae
sandhya raga syn.= krishna keli coconut plant Cocos nucifera Linn. Palmae
saptacakra syn.= saptachakra, saptaranga, vakramula, svarnamula, saptakapi white dammer tree / Indian copal tree Vateria indica Linn. Dipterocarpaceae
saptala syn.= saptala, satala, carmasahva, caramakasa mongoose plant Ophiorrhiza mungos Linn. Rubiaceae
saptaparna syn.= saptaparna, vishaltvak, sharad, suparnak, sahachad, yugmaparna, munichad, bahuparna, shalmalipatrak, madagandha, gandhiparna serpentina root Rauwolfia serpentina Benth./ Ophioxylon serpentinum Linn. Apocynaceae
sarala syn.= putikashtha, pittadrum, dipvriksha, snigdhadaru, maricapatrak, surabhidanuk, bhadradaru, amardaru lead sulfide N/A
sariva # syn.= white: sariva, sharda, anantamula, gopa, dhavalsariva, shariva, nagjivha, dhavala; black: krishnamula, krishna, candansariva, bhadra sebesten plum Cordia wallichii / dichotoma / myxa Linn./ latifolia Roxb. Boraginaceae
sarja syn.= shal, asvakarnak, sasyasanvar, ajakarua, ajakarna, sarjaka, svedaghna, latavriksha, kudehaka, devadhup, kapilka white babool / distiller's acacia Acacia leucophloea Willd. Mimosaceae
sarpagandha syn.= sarpagandha, nakuli, dhavalavitapa, sarpangi, sarpakshi none Kyllinga nemoralis Dandy. Ex Hutch / monocephala Roxb. Cyperaceae
sarpakshi syn.= sarpakshi, sarpari, nagasugandha, patalbhedi pale indigo plant / sweet indrajao Wrightia tinctoria (Roxb.)R.Br. Apocynaceae
sarshapa syn.= sarshapa, katuka, sneha, bhutaghna, rakshitaphala, turtubha, rakta sarshapa yellow thistle / Mexican poppy Argemone mexicana Linn. Papaveraceae
sarshapa syn.= sarshapa, sarshap, katuk, sneh, tantubh, kadambak, siddhartha, svetasarisha pearl-oyster Avicula
satala syn.= satala, virala, sari, saptala, bahuphenaka, carmashva, carmasahva, carmakasha, phena, dipta, nalika, saptala brown Indian hemp / jute / deccan hemp Hibiscus cannabinus Linn. Malvaceae
satyanasi # syn.= svarnakshiri, kancanakshiri, pitadhattur, hemakshiri little millet Panicum sumatrense Roth ex. Roem. Et Schult./ miliare Poaceae
sauvira syn.= sauvira, anjana, krishna, kalanila, suviraja Indian trumpet tree Oroxylum indicum Vent. Bignoniaceae
seva syn.= mushtipramana, badara, simbitaka phala none Malus sylvestris
sha┬a┬ruti shashashruti none Hibiscus aculeatus / furcatus Roxb. Malvaceae
shaileya syn.= shaileya, silavalka, vriddhapalit, jirnapalit, vriddha, kalanusaryak, sthavir, shiladadru, shilapushpa, shilodbhav conch ash Tritonium
shaivala shaivala none Convolvulus pluricaulis Chois. Convolvulaceae
shaivala syn.= shaivala, jalanili, sheval, jalaj, shevalum dankuni plant Evolvulus alsinoides Linn. Convolvulaceae
shakah syn.= shaka, bhumisarah, kharacchada, bhumiruha, dirghacchada Indian sarsaparilla Hemidesmus indicus Schult. Asclepiadaceae
shakhota syn.= shakhota, pita phala, chagi, kshira vinashana none Acacia concinna DC. Mimosaceae
shal # syn.= shal, ral, sarjarasa, kanakalodbhav, shalsar, rava, maharup, dhupan, sarja, dhunak, sarvarasa none Emilia sonchifolia (Linn.) DC. Asteraceae
shalaparni # syn.= shalaparni, sudala, chalparni, vidarigandha, shothaghni, shaliparni, mahaklijanaka, pitani, atiruha, dirghanghri, dhrivaparni, atiguha, anshumati ash, lead Plumbum
shallaki syn.= shallaki, gajabhakshya, suvaha, surabhi, rasa, maharuna, kunduraki, vallaki, bahustrava, bhalluka, nagavrintika Indian olibaum, Indian frankincense Boswellia serrata Roxb. Burseraceae
shalmali syn.= shalmali purani, mocha, raktapushpa, sthirayu, tulini, chirajivi, manadruma rock candy ` N/A
shami syn.= shami, shankuphala, keshahantri, shivaphala, ishani, shankar, lakshmi, mangalya, sami stone flower Parmelia perlata (Huds.) Ach. Lichenes
shana syn.= shana, matulani, jantu tantu, maha shana none Crotalaria retusa Linn. Fabaceae/Papilionaceae
shanapu┬pi syn.= shanapushpi, sanapushpi, brihatpushpi, shanghatika, mahashana, malyapushpi, vamani, katutiktaka, ghanta hornwort Ceratophyllum demersum Linn. Ceratophyllaceae
shanapushpi # syn.= shanapushpi, shanaghantika canscora Canscora decussata Roem. Et. Sch. Gentianaceae
shankha bhasma syn.= conch: shankha,kambu, jaladhara, varija, dirgha nihsvana Indian water chestnut / Indian caltrop Trapa bispinosa Roxb. Onagraceae
shankhapushpi # syn.= shankhapushpi, kshirpushpi, kusum, supushpa, medhya, malavinashini, shulaghna, smritihita, varnavilasini none Mussaendra frondosa Linn. / flavescens Rubiaceae
shankhapushpi # syn.= vishnukranta, vishnugandhi sunn hemp / sann hemp Crotalaria juncea Linn. Papilionaceae
shankhini syn.= shankhini, kambumalini spiked ginger lily Hedychium spicatum Ham. Scitaminaceae
shara syn.= shara, bann, ikshu, sayak, kshur duckweed / vallisnaria Serratophyllum submersom Lemanaceae
sharapunkha syn.= sharapunhka, sarparnukhi, indupushpika, kalsha, plihashatru, nilavrikshakriti sal tree Shorea robusta Gaertn. Dipterocarpaceae
shardunika # syn.= shardunika, meshashringi, vishani, meshavalli, ajashringika, madhunashini, sarpadanashtra, vartika, cakshushya, putrashreni sponge tree Prosopis specigera Linn. Mimosaceae
shatapushpa # syn.= shatapushpa, shatahva,suvakpushpi, sanghatpatrika, vajrapushpa, vanapushpa, sugandha, sukshmapatrika, arvakpushpa, madhurasa, kshetra, atilambi none Saccharum munja Roxb. Gramineae
shatavari # syn.= shatavari, shatapadi, vrishya, dipya, dvipshatru, adharkanthika, supatra, bahumula, shatahriya, narayani, laghuparnika, supatra, bahumula, shatahriya, narayani, laghuparnika, shatavirya, abhiru, rasa flax hemp Crotalaria verrucosa Papilionaceae
shathambash╗hi shathambashthi ash, deer horn N/A
shathi syn.= shathi, karcura, sugandhavacha, chandramulkia purple tephrosia Tephrosia purpurea Pers. Papilionaceae/Fabaceae
shati shati periploca of the woods Gymnema sylvestre Br. Asclepiadaceae
shati syn.= sati, karcura asparagus root Asparagus racemosus Willd. Liliaceae
shati syn.= shati, kachur, gandhamul, dravida, karsha, gandhasar, jatil, stulkanda, sati, gandha Indian water chestnut / caltrop Trapa natans Linn. (var. bispinosa Roxb. Makino / bispinosa Roxb. Trapaceae / Onagraceae
shigru syn.= shigru, shobhanjan, shigrugandha, tikshnagandha, mochak, haritshak, komalpatrak, bahumula, danshamula, shigruka, laghupatra, mulakparni, akshiva, bahala, bahalapallava, marungi none Kaempferia galanga Linn. Zingiberaceae
shilajita syn.= shilajita, shilajatu, ushnaja, shailaniryasa, girishahvaya, shilakva, giriga, shaila, shaileya, girijatu none Salvia plebeia R. Br. Labiatae
shim┬apa syn.= mahashyama, krishnasara, tikshnasara, kapila, krishnashinshapa, varan, guru, picchila, angarsara, mandalpatrika, ugmapatrika, shinshapa fennel ` Foeniculum vulgare Mill./ Anethum foeniculum Linn. Umbelliferae
shimbi syn.= simbi, kushimbi, kutsa, asra shimbi, purtaka shimbika round zedoary Curcuma zedoria Rosc. Scitaminaceae
shirish syn.= shirish, sahasraki, prithushrangi garden rue Ruta Graveolens Linn. / chalepensis Rutaceae
shirisha syn.= shirisha, sitapushpa, bhandik, mridupushpak, uddanak, shuktaru, lomapushpak, kapitan, shyamal, shukapriya, bhandil, vipra, plavavangak, shukrapushpa pomelo / shadduck of West Indies Citrus decumana Linn. Rutaceae
shivanil shivanil none Nilgirianthus ciliatus (Nees) Bremek. Acanthaceae
shleshmataka syn.= shleshmataka, selu, bahuvara, picchil, bhutvrikshak, dvijkutsit, shitaphal, shak, karbudarak, bhutdrum ash-colored fleabane Vernonia cineria Less. Compositae
shpriparna syn.= shriparna, rajatari black wood / rose wood Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Papilionaceae
shri phalam syn.= narikela, nalikera mineral pitch / asphalt Asphaltum
shringa bhasma shringa none Desmodium gangeticum DC. Leguminosae
shringataka syn.= shringataka, jalaphal, trikonphali, shringriha, jalavalli, vishani, shringahva, kaseruka, ambukanda teak Tectona grandis Linn. F. Verbenaceae
shringtaka shringtaka Siamese rough-bush Streblus asper Linn. Urticaceae/Moraceae
shritala shritala horse radish / drumstick plant Moringa oleifera Lam./ pterygosperma Gaertn. Moringaceae
shrivatte syn.= shrivatte, nagvalli, shribati, sribat silk cotton tree Bombax malabaricum Schott & Endl./ ceiba Linn. / Salmalia malabarica Malvaceae
shukti shukti flat bean / Goa bean / Indian bean Dolichos lablab Linn./ Phosphocarpus tetragonolobus Papilionaceae
shveta barbura syn.= shveta barbura, arimeda sirissa tree Acacia speciosa Linn. Mimosaceae
shvetakutaja shvetakutaja bengali siris Albizzia lebbek Willd. Mimosaceae
shvetanirvisha syn.= svetanirvisha, nirvisha none Indigofera aspalathoides Vahl. Papilionaceae
shyamaka shyamaka sugar cane / sucanat / turbinado ` Saccharum officinarum Linn. Gramineae
shyonaka syn.= shyonaka, aralu, shukanasa, ruksha, katvanga, katanbhar, mayurjangha, priyajiva, kutannata, dirghavrntaphala, katphalavanga Salep orchid Orchis mascula Linn./ latifolia Orchidaceae
sihlaka syn.= turushka oriental sweet gum / liquid amber / Asiatic storax Liquid amber orientalis Mill. Hamamelidaceae
sil haka storax Altingia excelsa Noronha Hamamelidaceae
sindura syn.= sindura, nagaja, rakta, shrimat, shringarabhushana, vasanta mandana, naga rakta, rakta raja red oxide of lead N/A
sinduri sinduri arnotta plant / arnnatto plant Bixa orellana Linn. Bixaceae
sinduvara syn.= sinduvara, shephalika three-leaved chaste tree Vitex trifolia Linn. Verbenaceae
sinkona sinkona, kunayaka quinine bark / Peruvian bark Cinchona officinalis Linn. Rubiaceae
sisa bhasma syn.= naga bhasma deadly nightshade Atropa belladonna Linn. Solanaceae
sita sita none Pseudarthia viscida W & A Papilionaceae
sitaphalam syn.= krishnabijam parushphalam, gandagatra custard apple / sugar apple Annona squamosa Linn. Annonaceae
snigdhajira syn.= snigdhabija, shigdhajiraka, sat isobgol psyllium (seed) Plantago psyllium / ovata Forsk. Plantaginaceae
snudhi syn.= snuhi, vajra, vigri, patrasnuk, svarasana, mahavriksha milkhedge Euphorbia neriifolia Linn./ ligularia Roxb. Euphorbiaceae
soma syn.= soma, somavalli mood plant / moon creeper Sarcostemma acidum Voigt / brevistigma W&A./ Asclepias acida Asclepiadaceae
somalata # syn.= soma, ephedra Ephedra vulgaris Rich. / gerardiana Ephedraceae
sonyamukhi senna Cassia acutifolia / lanceolata Linn. & Forsk. Caesalpiniaceae
sphotyabujangam sphotyabhujangam none Rhaphidophora laciniata (Burm.f.) Merr. / pertusa (Roxb.) Schott Araceae
sprikka # syn.= sprikka, sprik, brahmani, devi, nirmalya, kutika, vadhu none Delphinium zalil Aitch et. Hemsl. Ranunculaceae
sthulgokshura syn.= sthulagokshura, tiktagokshura none Pedalium murex Linn. Pedaliaceae
suci # syn.= sag angur, angurshapha, suci, girbuti, salakphala Indian belladonna Atropa acuminata Rorle ex Lindley / belladonna Linn. Solanaceae
sudarshana # syn.= sudarshana, sudarshan, vishamandala, nagadamani, somavalli, cakrangi, madhuparnila poison bulb Crinum asiaticum Linn. Amaryllidaceae
sugandha vala syn.= hviber, barhishta, udichya, kesha, ambu, keshya, lalanapriya, kuntaloshir none Andropogan vetiveria Linn. Gramineae
sugnadhavastuk Mexican tea Chenopodium ambrosioides Linn. Chenopodiaceae
sunishanna # syn.= catushpatri none Marsilea quadrifolia Linn. Marsiliaceae
surpunnag syn.= nameru, sureshta, surparnica, surtunga, punnaga Alexandrian laurel Ochrocarpus longifolius Benth. & Hook. f. Guttiferae
sushavi sushavi none Calycopteris floribunda Lamk. Combretaceae
sushena syn.= sushena, svastika, tilaparnika, sunishanna none Marselia minuta Marsiliaceae
suvarna bhasma syn.= gold: kanaka, naga, kancana, hema, hataka, taptakancana, camukara, shatakumbha, tapaniya, rukmaka, jambunada, hiranya, suratna, jatarupaka, shriniketa, bhushanarka, pitaka, svarya ash, gold Aurum
suvarnamakshika syn.= suvarnamakshika, makshika, dhatumakshika, tapya, tapija copper pyrite N/A
suvarnjuthica syn.= hemapushpika none Jasminum humile Linn. /chrysanthemum Roxb. Oleaceae
syamaparni syn.= syamapaarni, caha tea plant Camellia sinensis O. Kuntze / theifera Link. Ternstroemiaceae / Theaceae
tagara syn.= vakra, kutila, vinamra, kuncit, shatha, nihusha, dandahasta, pinditagarak, parthiv, nata Indian valerian Valerian wallichi DC. Valerianaceae
tailparni syn.= tailparni, sugandhapatra, haritparni, raktaniryas eucalyptus Eucalyptus citriodora Hoek. Myrtaceae
takkolaka star anise of China Illicium verum Hook.f. Magnoliaceae
takram buttermilk / lassi
 
tala syn.= tala, patri, dirghaskandha, dhvajadruma, trunraj, madhurasa, dirghapadap, cirayu, taruraj, gajabhaksha palmyra palm Borassus flabellifera Linn. / blabelliformis Palmae
talamulika syn.= hemapuspi, musali black musale Curculigo orchioides Gaertn. Amaryllidaceae
talisha patra # syn.= manduparni, barahmi, talispatra Himalayan yew / fir Taxus baccata Linn. Coniferae
talisha patra # syn.= talishapatra, talispatra, talis, patradhya, dhatripatra, shukodara, arkavedha, karipatra, nelambar, granthikapatra Himalayan silver fir Abies webbiana Lindl. / spectabilis G. Don. Coniferae
tamakhu tamakhu tobacco Nicotiana tabacum Linn. Solanaceae
tamala syn.= tamala, tapiccha, kalaskandha, asita druma none Garcinia xanthochymus Hook. Guttiferae
tambulavalli syn.= tambulavalli, tambula betel / betel leaf / betel pepper Piper betel Linn. Piperaceae
tamra bhasma syn.= copper: mlecchamukha, shulva, naipala, ravinamaka, udumbara, suryapriya, raktaja, rakta dhatuka ash, copper Cuprum
tanduliya syn.= tunduliya, tunduliyaka, meghanada, kandira, tanduliyaka, vishaghna, kandhara prickly amaranth Amarantus spinosus Amarantaceae
tankan bhasma ash, borax Sodii Biboras
tara bhasma syn.= rupya, rupyaka, rajata, tara, shveta, vasuttama ash, silver Argentum
taruni syn.= shatapatri, saumyagandha rose / cabbage rose / pale rose Rosa centifolia Linn. Rosaceae
tavakshir▓ tavakshiri arrow root ` Maranta arundinacea Linn. Scitaminaceae
tavakshir▓ syn.= tavakshiri, payahkshir, yavaj, gavayodbhav, vanshya, godhumsambhuta, vanashakshiri, palashagandha, parthivi curcuma starch, Indian Arrowroot Curcuma angustifolia Roxb. Scitaminaceae
tejasvini syn.= tumburu, tejovati, tumbaru, tumbul prickly ash / toothache tree Zanthoxylum alatum Roxb. / armatum DC. Rutaceae
tejpatra # syn.= tamalpatra, patra, tejpatram, palash, chandan, ram, tapasaj, gopan, anshuk, tamala cassia cinnamon Cinnamomum tamala Nees & Eberm. Lauraceae
tikshnak├a syn.= tikshnaksha, kancana, dahana forest pepper / wild orange tree / Lopez-root tree Toddalia asiatica (Linn.) Lam. / aculeata Pers. Rutaceae
tila # syn.= snehaphala, tilaha sesamum / sesame /gingelly seed Sesamum indicum Linn. Pedaliaceae
tilaparni syn.= tilaparni, ajagandha, kharpushpa, ugragandha, brahmakarma, pashugandha, kabari, suvarchala, shabarigandha, tungi, bastagandha, putavarvara caravalla seeds Gynandropsis gynandra Capparidaceae
tilapushpi syn.= hatapatri foxglove Digitalis purpurea Linn. Scrophulariaceae
tinduka syn.= tinduk, nilsar, atimuktak, sphurjak, tushta, syandan, raman, ravana, asitkarak, gabha, tendu, sphurjya, katasara, kakapilu, kupilu, gridhranakhi gaub tree / embroypteris Diospyros tomentosa Roxb. Ebenaceae
tinduka syn.= tinduki Indian persimmon / gaub persimmon Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel. / peregrina Ebenaceae
tinisha syn.= tinisha, syandan, rathadru sandan Ougeinia dalbergioides Benth./ oojeinensis Papilionaceae
tintidi # syn.= tintidi, tintidika, vrikshamla, amla shaka, amla padapa none Rhus parviflora Roxb. Anacardiaceae
todari syn.= kantavriksha, laghuphala, picchilbija, masurbija papergrass Lepidium iberis Cruciferae
trapusha syn.= trapusha, pitapushpi, kantalu, tarpuskarkati, bahuphala, koshaphala, tundiphala, muni cucumber Cucumis sativus Linn. Cucurbitaceae
trayamana # Indian gentian / Himalayan gentian / chiretta Gentiana kurroo Royle. Gentianaceae
trikoshaki trikoshaki, kritarandhra none Mukia maderaspatana (Linn.) Roem. / Melothria maderaspatana (Linn.) Cogn. Cucurbitaceae
tripadi tripadi none Desmodium triflorum (Linn.) DC. Fabaceae
triputa triputa none Allophylus serratus Kurz Sapindaceae
triputa syn.= triputa, kshudra khandika chicken vetch Lathyrus sativus Linn. Papilionaceae
trivrit # syn.= trivrit, trivrut, kumbha, (nishotha-hindi); red = kalindi, triputa, tamrapushpika, kasanashika, recani, rasayani, koshaphala; black - shyam, trivrut, malavika, shyama, keshadhiphala, kalakeshi, kutharana Indian jalap / turpeth Ipomoea turpethum Linn. / Operculina ipomoea Linn. Convolvulaceae
tryamana syn.= balabhadra, trayamana, trayanti, girisanuja gold thread Thalictrum foliolosum DC / Gentiana kurroa Ranunculaceae
tuda syn.= tuda, tuta, sthul, brahmadaru, madhupippali, tula white mulberry Morus alba Linn. Urticaceae
tukhm-malanga (punjabi) none Salvia aegyptiaca Linn. Labiatae
tulasi1 syn.= tulsi, vrinda, svarasa, bhutabhni, gouri, manjari, apetarakshasi, shodaghni, kalamalaka, arjaka, vanatulasi, barbari, kharabuka, kutheraka basil, sweet ` Ocimum basilicum Linn. Labiatae
tulasi2 syn.= shyama basil, opal ` Ocimum spp. Linn. Labiatae
tulasi3 syn.= tulsi, vrinda, svarasa, bhutabhni, gouri, manjari, apetarakshasi, shodaghni basil, holy ` Ocimum sanctum Linn. Labiatae
tumbara vriksha # vriksha white mangrove Avicennia officinalis
tuttha syn.= copper: suvarnamakshika, makshika, dhatumakshika, tapya, tapija copper sulfate N/A
tuvaraka syn.= tuvaraka, tuvarak, katukapittha, kunthavairy Jangli almond / Marothi tree / chaulmugra Hydnocarpus laurifolia Sleumer / Wightiana Blume. Flacourtiaceae
tvak # syn.= utkat, tanutvak, vakala, shakala, saihala, vanya, surasa, bahughadha, mukhashodhya, hridya, coca, sita cinnamon ` Cinnamomum zeylanicum Breyn./ verum Presl. Lauraceae
udumbara syn.= udumbar, jantuphala, hemdugdhaka, kshirvriksha, sadaphala, kalaskandha, yagnyayoga, sheetvalka, phalasambadha, yagnyasara, panibhuk cluster fig / country fig Ficus racemosa Linn. / glomerata Urticaceae
ulkata syn.= ulkata, kashtadaru mast tree / cemetery tree Polyalthia longifolia (Sonn.) Thwaites Annonaceae
ulpalashariba syn.= ulpalashariba, palindi, shyamala, sariva, krishna sariva, kalanusari black creeper Ichnocarpus frutescens (Linn.) R.Br. Apocynaceae
unnava syn.= badara, badari, karkandhu, gudaaphala, baleshta, dridhabija, veittaphala, kantaki, vakrakantak, unnab, kola jujube (fruit) / Chinese date Zizyphus jujuba Lam. non Mill. / vulgaris Lam. Rhamnaceae
upakuncika syn.= upakuncika, dipya, kali, manodnya, taruna, jirna, sushavi, prithvika, kalika, bashpika, brihat jiraka, kunciva small fennel, nigella seed / black cumin Nigella sativa Linn. Ranunculaceae
ushaba syn.= ushaba, vanamadhusnahi, kalika, kalashak, kalik, vipindruma, krishnavarna, shraddhashaka none Smilax zeylanica Linn. Liliaceae
ushira syn.= ushira, usheer, samagandhak, javavasa, haripriya, varitara, shishir, nalad, bahumulak, veernayak khaskhas grass / vetiveria Andropogon muricatus Retz. / Vetiveria zizanioides Nash Gramineae
utangan syn.= utangan, utangjan, utingan none Blepharis edulis Pers. Acanthaceae
vaca # syn.= vaca, ugragandha, shadgrantha, golomi, shataparvika, kshudrapatra, lomasha, bhadra, rakshoghni, haimavati sweet flag Acorus calamus Linn. Araceae
vaikuntha syn.= valkuntha, mahadrona, alamula, butan-kusham Malabar catmint Anisomeles malabarica R. Br. Labiatae
vairi syn.= vairi, pitika, ekanayakam none Salacia reticulata Wight Hippocrateaceae/Celastraceae
vajra bhasma syn.= hirakam ash, diamond Adamas
vajrakanda wild suran Synantherias sylvatica Schott. Araceae
vajrakantaka syn.= vajrakantaka, tridhara, vajratundi, gandira, mahataru, snuhi vajra, schunda triangular spurge Euphorbia antiquorum Linn. Euphorbiaceae
valika syn.= valuka, kandaka, valu none Gisekia pharnaceoides Linn. Ficoidaceae
vamsalocana # syn.= vamsalocana, vamsarocana, yavaphal trinaketa, kantalu, kantaki, vanshi, suparva, trinadhvaj, tejan, kicak, eye of bamboo Bambusa arundinacea Willd./ bambos Gramineae
vanaharidra syn.= vanaharidra, aranyaharidra red clover Trifolium pratense Leguminosae
vana-meshika wild turmeric / yellow zedoary Curcuma aromatica Salisb. Scitaminaceae
vanapalandam Indian squill Urginea indica Kunth Liliaceae
vandaka syn.= vrikshadani, vandak, vriksharuha, shekhari, kamrupa, taruruha, kamini, padmarupini mistletoe- parasite / loranthus coriaceus Dendrophthoe falcata Loranthaceae
vandhya syn.= vandhya, vandhyakarkotaki, devi, kumari, vishanadhini, manojna, nagadamani, yogishvari none Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng. Cucurbitaceae
varahi # syn.= varahi, magadhi, grishti, varahi kanda, saukara, koti none Tacca aspera Roxb. T. Lavis Taccaceae
varuna syn.= varuna, padap, triparna, bhramarpriya, bilvapatra, vrittaphala, tiktashak, setuvriksha, ashmarighna three-leaved caper Crataeva nurvala / religiosa / magna Hook & Forst. Capparidaceae
vasaka # syn.= vasa, vasaka, vasika, vajidanta, sinhasya, brishakmata, vrisha, shitkarni, pancamukhee, maturka, atarusha malabar nut Adhatoda vasaka Nees / Justica adhatoda Linn. Acanthaceae
vasha vasha none Justicia beddomei (Clarke) Bennet Acanthaceae
vastuka syn.= vastuka, cilli, brihat bala, rakta, cillika, gauda vastuka, katinjara, vastuka bheda goose foot / wild spinach / white goosefoot Chenopodium album Linn. Chenopodiaceae
vastuka syn.= vastuka, shaka patra, kambira, prasadaka none Chenopodium murale Linn. Chenopodiaceae
vasuka syn.= buka none Spermacoce hispida Linn. / Borreria hispida K.Schum. Rubiaceae
vata syn.= vata, nyagrodha, sriksha, bahupada, shikhandin, skandaja, nyagrodha banyan tree Ficus bengalensis Linn. Urticaceae
vatada syn.= badam, vatama, vatad, vatavairi almond Amygdalus commonis Linn./ Prunus amygdalus Batsch Rosaceae
vataghni syn.= vataghni, nila-nirgundi, krishna nirgunda none Justicia gendarussa Burm.f. / Gendarussa vulgaris Nees. Acanthaceae
vatsanabha # syn.= vatsanabha, visha, amrit, ugra, mahaushadha, garal, maran, nag, stokaka, visha Indian aconite Aconitum ferox Wall./ nepillus Linn. Ranunculaceae
vellantara syn.= virataru none Dichrostachys cinerea (Linn) W&A / Mimosa cinerea Mimosaceae
vetasa # syn.= vanjula, namra, vanira, dirghapatraka, nadeya, madhya pushpa, toyakama, nikumjaka, mandi mashaka willow bark / sallow Salix caprea Linn. Salicaceae
vetrah syn.= vetasa common rattan / rattan Calamus rotang Linn. Palmae
vidanga # syn.= vidanga, citratandul, jantunashan, vatari, jantughni, jantughna, krishnatandul embilia Embelia ribes Burm. Myrsinaceae
vidara vishvasaraka prickly pear Opuntia dillenii Haw. / Cactus indicus Cactaceae
vidari # syn.= vidari, kshirakanda varshavalli, bhumikushmanda, payasvini, kshiravidari none formally but sim (wild yam) Ipomoea digitata Linn. Convolvulaceae
vidari # syn. = vidari, svadukanda, sita, ikshugandha, payasvini, vrishykanda, bhukushmandi, shukla, varada, varahavadana Indian kudzu Pueraria tuberosa Leguminosae
vikankata syn.= vikankata, srivavriksha, granthil, svadukantak, yagnyavriksha, kantaki, vyaghrapad, vrikshakantakari Mauritus plum / Madagascar plum / governor's plum Flacourtia ramoutchi Fam./ indica Merr. Flacourtiaceae
vikankata syn.= vikankata, srivavriksha, sruvavriksha puneala plum Flacourtia jangomas Rausch. Flacourtiaceae
vishaghni # syn.= vishaghni, anadana, raja-adana, ganda durva none Alstonia venenata R. Br. Apocynaceae
vishamu├tih syn.= vishamushti, osadi appa grass Ageratum conyzoides Linn. Asteraceae
vriddharuka # syn.= vriddharuka, vriddha daru elephant creeper Argyreia speciosa Sweet / nervosa Boj. / Lettsomia nevosa Convolvulaceae
vriddhi vriddhi none Habenaria intermedia D.Don Orchidaceae
vrikkabija syn.= vrikkabija, vrikkaphala, venamra, shuphahara cashew nut Anacardium occidentale Linn. Anacardiaceae
vrikshažŞa syn.= vrikshamla, none Garcinia gummi-gutta (linn.) Robs. Guttiferae/Clusiaceae
vrintaki syn.= vrintaki, vartiki, vritta, bhantaki, bhantika, vartaku, bartaku, pitaphala eggplant Solanum melongena Linn. Solanaceae
vrishcik▒Şi syn.= vrishcikali, srihastini, suryavarta, hastisunda heliotrope / Indian turnsole Heliotropium indicum Linn. Boraginaceae
vyaghranakhi none Capparis zeylanica Linn. Capparidaceae
yashada bhasmam syn.= zinc: jasada, yashada, ranga,sadrisa, ditihetu ash, zinc Zincum
yashtimadhu syn.= yashtimadhu, madhuka, yashti, madhur, atirasa, saumya, shoshapaha, jalaja, madhuparni, madhuyashti licorice (root) Glycyrrhiza glabra Linn. Papilionaceae
yavani # syn.= yavani, yamani, dipyaka, dipya, vatari, shulhantri, yavanika, ugra, tivragandha, bhumi, agnigandha, hridya, agnivardha kings' cumin / bishop's weed Trachispermum amami Linn. Sprague. Umbelliferae
yavasa # syn.= yavasa, yasa, yavas, yavasaka, duhsparsha, ananta, tikshnakanta, samudranta, dirghamula, marudhbhava, gandhari, dhanvayavas, dhanva, dhanvayasa, duralabha, dhanvayasa, kacchudara, kacchura Arabian/Persian manna plant Alhagi pseudalhagi Desv. / camelorum / maurorum Desv. Papilionaceae
yuthika syn.= yuthika, balpushpa, pushpagandha, ganojjvala, ganika, carumoda, shikhandi, svarnapushpika needle flower jasmine Jasmin auriculata Vahl. Oleaceae
yuthikaparni yuthikaparni none Rhinacanthus nasuta (Linn.) Kurz / communis Nees Acanthaceae
zupha hyssop Hyssopus officinalis Linn. Labiateae